Difference between revisions of "Bagasse"

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[[File:Maui sugarcane MFA.jpg|thumb|Maui sugarcane photo<br>MFA# 2015.11806]]
 
[[File:sugar_caneWK1.jpg|thumb|Sugar cane stalks]]
 
[[File:sugar_caneWK1.jpg|thumb|Sugar cane stalks]]
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
Originally, the term bagasse was applied to any residual fibers from the processing of numerous plants and fruits such as olives, palm nuts, grapes, [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sisal sisal], sugarcane, and sugar beets. Currently, the term bagasse only refers to the dry, fibrous residue left from the stalks of sugarcane, ''Saccharum officinarum'', after the sugar has been extracted. Bagasse is composed of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cellulose cellulose] (50%), pentosan (25%) and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=lignin lignin] (25%). It is used in the production of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=paper pulp paper pulp], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=fiberboard fiberboards], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=insulation insulation], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=acoustical tile acoustical tile], and animal feed.
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Originally, the term bagasse was applied to any residual fibers from the processing of numerous plants and fruits such as olives, palm nuts, grapes, [[sisal]], sugarcane, and sugar beets. Currently, the term bagasse only refers to the dry, fibrous residue left from the stalks of sugarcane, ''Saccharum officinarum'', after the sugar has been extracted. Bagasse is composed of [[cellulose]] (50%), pentosan (25%) and [[lignin]] (25%). It is used in the production of [[paper%20pulp]], [[fiberboard|fiberboards]], [[insulation]], [[acoustical%20tile]], and animal feed.
  
 
[[File:bagasse-pic.jpg|thumb|Bagasse pile]]
 
[[File:bagasse-pic.jpg|thumb|Bagasse pile]]
 +
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
megass; bagazo (Esp.); Saccharum officinarum (sugarcane)
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megass; bagazo (Esp.); ''Saccharum officinarum'' (sugarcane); sugar cane; sugar beets
  
== Hazards and Safety ==
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== Risks ==
  
 
Dust is flammable. Inhalation of dust may cause pneumonitis or asthma.
 
Dust is flammable. Inhalation of dust may cause pneumonitis or asthma.
 +
 +
== Physical and Chemical Properties ==
 +
Paper fiber type: Non-woody/grass. Using transmitted light microscopy, fibers are flat and thick-walled with mostly blunt ends. They have the appearance of hardwood fibers. Parenchyma cells are very large, thin-walled and abundant. Heavily pitted long vessels are also present, but may be broken up by pulping.  Separated spiral thickenings may be present. Appearance with [[Graff "C" stain]]: Dark blue, but varies with bleaching. Average dimensions of fibers: length, 1.7mm; width 20μm. Vessels can be up to 2.1mm long and 200μm in width. Common pulping method: mechanical or soda.
  
 
== Additional Images ==
 
== Additional Images ==
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File:03712.jpg|Bagasse fibers
 
File:03712.jpg|Bagasse fibers
 
File:bagasse_proc_det.jpg|Sugarcane bagasse
 
File:bagasse_proc_det.jpg|Sugarcane bagasse
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File:Bagasse 10x longvessels.jpg|Bagasse paper pulp stained with Graff "C" stain
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File:Bagasse 40x.jpg|Bagasse paper pulp stained with Graff "C" stain
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 +
== Resources and Citations ==
  
== Authority ==
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* R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, ''Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia'', Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  
* R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, ''Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia'', Dover Publications, New York, 1966
+
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  
* Richard S. Lewis, Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
+
* Boise Cascade Paper Group, ''The Paper Handbook'', Boise Cascade, Portland OR, 1989
  
* Boise Cascade Paper Group, Boise Cascade Paper Group, ''The Paper Handbook'', Boise Cascade, Portland OR, 1989
+
* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  
* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
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* ''The Dictionary of Paper'', American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  
* ''The Dictionary of Paper'', American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
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* Marja-Sisko Ilvessalo-Pfäffli. ''Fiber Atlas: Identification of Papermaking Fibers'' (Springer Series in Wood Science). Springer, 1995.
 +
 
 +
* E.J.LaBarre, ''Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making'', Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  
* E.J.LaBarre, E.J.LaBarre, ''Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making'', Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
+
* Walter Rantanen. "Fiber ID Course." Integrated Paper Services. June 2013. Lecture.
  
* Random House, Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
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* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  
 
* ''The Merck Index'', Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983  Comment: entry 970
 
* ''The Merck Index'', Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983  Comment: entry 970
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* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  
* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "bagasse" Encyclopdia Britannica    [Accessed September 19, 2001].
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* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "bagasse" Encyclopædia Britannica    [Accessed September 19, 2001].
  
 
* Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
 
* Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000

Latest revision as of 08:08, 15 October 2020

Maui sugarcane photo
MFA# 2015.11806
Sugar cane stalks

Description

Originally, the term bagasse was applied to any residual fibers from the processing of numerous plants and fruits such as olives, palm nuts, grapes, Sisal, sugarcane, and sugar beets. Currently, the term bagasse only refers to the dry, fibrous residue left from the stalks of sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum, after the sugar has been extracted. Bagasse is composed of Cellulose (50%), pentosan (25%) and Lignin (25%). It is used in the production of Paper pulp, fiberboards, Insulation, Acoustical tile, and animal feed.

Bagasse pile

Synonyms and Related Terms

megass; bagazo (Esp.); Saccharum officinarum (sugarcane); sugar cane; sugar beets

Risks

Dust is flammable. Inhalation of dust may cause pneumonitis or asthma.

Physical and Chemical Properties

Paper fiber type: Non-woody/grass. Using transmitted light microscopy, fibers are flat and thick-walled with mostly blunt ends. They have the appearance of hardwood fibers. Parenchyma cells are very large, thin-walled and abundant. Heavily pitted long vessels are also present, but may be broken up by pulping. Separated spiral thickenings may be present. Appearance with Graff "C" stain: Dark blue, but varies with bleaching. Average dimensions of fibers: length, 1.7mm; width 20μm. Vessels can be up to 2.1mm long and 200μm in width. Common pulping method: mechanical or soda.

Additional Images

Resources and Citations

  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Boise Cascade Paper Group, The Paper Handbook, Boise Cascade, Portland OR, 1989
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • Marja-Sisko Ilvessalo-Pfäffli. Fiber Atlas: Identification of Papermaking Fibers (Springer Series in Wood Science). Springer, 1995.
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  • Walter Rantanen. "Fiber ID Course." Integrated Paper Services. June 2013. Lecture.
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 970
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "bagasse" Encyclopædia Britannica [Accessed September 19, 2001].