Bast fiber

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MFA Acc. #: 2004.2104


Strong, woody fibers obtained from the phloem tissues of many plants. Bast fibers are obtained from the stems and leaves of the plants. Examples of bast fibers are Flax, Hemp, Ramie, Jute, Abaca, Cantala, Henequen, Sisal, pineapple, Mitsumata, Gampi, and Kozo. Bast fibers are used for textiles, rope, and paper.


Synonyms and Related Terms

bast fibers; bast fibre (Br.); fibra blanda del folema (Esp.); fibra liberiana (Esp.); bastvezel (Ned); phloem fiber; pericyclic fiber; cortical fiber


Properties of Natural Fibers

Other Properties

For paper fiber properties see: Flax, Jute, Hemp, Ramie, Abaca, and Sisal.


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  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
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  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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