Difference between revisions of "Black cherry"

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A deciduous, fruit-bearing tree, ''Prunus serotina'', native to North America. Black cherry has a dense, close-grain wood that polishes to a high gloss. The reddish-brown wood is used for musical instruments, furniture, cabinetry, interior trim, and paneling. Black cherry gum, a water-soluble carbohydrate, has been used as a medium for watercolor paints.
 
A deciduous, fruit-bearing tree, ''Prunus serotina'', native to North America. Black cherry has a dense, close-grain wood that polishes to a high gloss. The reddish-brown wood is used for musical instruments, furniture, cabinetry, interior trim, and paneling. Black cherry gum, a water-soluble carbohydrate, has been used as a medium for watercolor paints.
 
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[[File:Black cherry2_bark_AA.jpg|thumb|Black cherry  ''Prunus serotina'']]
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
 
''Prunus serotina''; cerezo americano, capulí (Esp.); ciliegio americano (It.); cabinet cherry; rum cherry; wild black cherry; black cherry gum
 
''Prunus serotina''; cerezo americano, capulí (Esp.); ciliegio americano (It.); cabinet cherry; rum cherry; wild black cherry; black cherry gum
 
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|Black cherry gum, 1975 (HUAM, CCT S).TIF~FTIR (MFA)]]]
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|Black cherry gum, 1975 (HUAM, CCT S).TIF~FTIR (MFA)]]]
  
== Other Properties ==
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== Physical and Chemical Properties ==
  
 
Medium tree growing to 30 m with tall oblong crown.  Bark= smooth with narrow horizontal lenticels when young breaking into rough irregular plates with age  Leaves=alternate simple oblong (6-14 cm) with serrated edges.  Fruit=dark purple round drupe (1 cm) maturing in late summer.
 
Medium tree growing to 30 m with tall oblong crown.  Bark= smooth with narrow horizontal lenticels when young breaking into rough irregular plates with age  Leaves=alternate simple oblong (6-14 cm) with serrated edges.  Fruit=dark purple round drupe (1 cm) maturing in late summer.
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File:23_Blk. Cherry_100x_Tan.jpg|Black cherry  (''Prunus serotina'')
 
File:23_Blk. Cherry_100x_Tan.jpg|Black cherry  (''Prunus serotina'')
 
File:23_Blk. Cherry_100x_Tran.jpg|Black cherry  (''Prunus serotina'')
 
File:23_Blk. Cherry_100x_Tran.jpg|Black cherry  (''Prunus serotina'')
File:Black cherry2_bark_AA.jpg|Black cherry  ''Prunus serotina''
 
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 
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== Resources and Citations ==
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
 
  
 
* R.J. Adrosko, ''Natural Dyes in the United States'', Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1968
 
* R.J. Adrosko, ''Natural Dyes in the United States'', Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1968
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* ''Dictionary of Building Preservation'', Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
 
* ''Dictionary of Building Preservation'', Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  
* Website address 1  Comment: Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm  (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
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* Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm  (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
  
* Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com  Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prunus_serotina  (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
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* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prunus_serotina  (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
  
 
* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
 
* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997

Latest revision as of 17:45, 4 September 2020

Black Cherry

Description

A deciduous, fruit-bearing tree, Prunus serotina, native to North America. Black cherry has a dense, close-grain wood that polishes to a high gloss. The reddish-brown wood is used for musical instruments, furniture, cabinetry, interior trim, and paneling. Black cherry gum, a water-soluble carbohydrate, has been used as a medium for watercolor paints.

Black cherry Prunus serotina

Synonyms and Related Terms

Prunus serotina; cerezo americano, capulí (Esp.); ciliegio americano (It.); cabinet cherry; rum cherry; wild black cherry; black cherry gum

FTIR (MFA)

Black cherry gum, 1975 (HUAM, CCT S).TIF


Physical and Chemical Properties

Medium tree growing to 30 m with tall oblong crown. Bark= smooth with narrow horizontal lenticels when young breaking into rough irregular plates with age Leaves=alternate simple oblong (6-14 cm) with serrated edges. Fruit=dark purple round drupe (1 cm) maturing in late summer.

Additional Images

Resources and Citations

  • R.J. Adrosko, Natural Dyes in the United States, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1968
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 184
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • F. H. Titmuss, Commercial Timbers of the World, The Technical Press Ltd., London, 1965
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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