Black oxide of manganese

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A dense, black powder that occurs in nature as the mineral pyrolusite. Black oxide of manganese is composed of manganese dioxide and is primarily used for the production of manganese metal. It is was used as a pigment in prehistoric cave paintings, but is currently used as a drier for oil paints.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Pigment Black 14; CI 77728; manganese black


  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • R. Newman, E. Farrell, 'House Paint Pigments', Paint in America , R. Moss ed., Preservation Press, New York City, 1994

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