Black pigments

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Black is a color defined as the total absorption of all frequencies of visible light. As such, it is the absence of reflection whereby no visible light reaches the eye. The color black is represented by the following color coordinates:

- Hex triplet:  # 000000
- RGB: (0, 0, 0); CMYK (0, 0, 0, 100) 
- HSV: (-°, -%, 0%) 

Examples of black pigments:

- carbon (lampblack, carbon black, ivory black, vegetable black, graphite, charcoal, bone black)

- oxides (black iron oxide, Mars black, manganese black)

- synthetic organic (iron gallotannate, nigrosine, anilne black, logwood)

Synonyms and Related Terms

sort (Dan.); Schwarz (Deut.); negro (Esp.); pigments noirs (Fr.); pigmenti neri (It.) niger (Lat.); zwart (Ned.); zwarte (Ned.); svart (Sven.); pigmentos negros (Port.)

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)

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