Difference between revisions of "Bone ash"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A white powdery material made by calcining bones, usually from cattle. Bone ash primarily contains [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=calcium hydroxyapatite calcium hydroxyapatite] with small amounts of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=magnesium phosphate magnesium phosphate], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=calcium carbonate calcium carbonate], and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=calcium fluoride calcium fluoride]. It is used as a polishing agent and as a flux in ceramics. Bone china can contain 25-50% bone ash. Bone ash has also been used as a pigment called [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=bone white bone white] in grounds for silver point drawings.
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A white powdery material made by calcining bones, usually from cattle. Bone ash primarily contains [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=calcium%20hydroxyapatite calcium hydroxyapatite] with small amounts of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=magnesium%20phosphate magnesium phosphate], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=calcium%20carbonate calcium carbonate], and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=calcium%20fluoride calcium fluoride]. It is used as a polishing agent and as a flux in ceramics. Bone china can contain 25-50% bone ash. Bone ash has also been used as a pigment called [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=bone%20white bone white] in grounds for silver point drawings.
  
 
[[File:2_Calcined_bone_200X.jpg|thumb|Calcined bone]]
 
[[File:2_Calcined_bone_200X.jpg|thumb|Calcined bone]]
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== Authority ==
 
== Authority ==
  
* Ralph Mayer, Ralph Mayer, ''A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques'', Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
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* Ralph Mayer, ''A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques'', Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  
* Richard S. Lewis, Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
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* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  
* Michael McCann, Michael McCann, ''Artist Beware'', Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
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* Michael McCann, ''Artist Beware'', Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  
* Robert Fournier, Robert Fournier, ''Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery'', Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 1992
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* Robert Fournier, ''Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery'', Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 1992
  
* Random House, Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
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* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

Revision as of 07:27, 24 July 2013

Bone ash

Description

A white powdery material made by calcining bones, usually from cattle. Bone ash primarily contains calcium hydroxyapatite with small amounts of magnesium phosphate, calcium carbonate, and calcium fluoride. It is used as a polishing agent and as a flux in ceramics. Bone china can contain 25-50% bone ash. Bone ash has also been used as a pigment called bone white in grounds for silver point drawings.

Calcined bone

Synonyms and Related Terms

bone earth; bone white (AAT); calcined bone

Raman

BonewhitUCL.jpg

Raman

Bonewhite531.jpg

FTIR

MFA- Bone ash.jpg

XRD

PIG540.jpg

SEM

F540sem.jpg

EDS

F540edsbw.jpg


Hazards and Safety

Noncombustible. Inhalation of ingestion may cause slight problems.

Additional Images


Authority

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • Robert Fournier, Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery, Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 1992
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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