Difference between revisions of "Buckram"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A plain-weave, coarse, stiff, [[cotton]] or [[linen]] fabric sized with a water-based [[glue]] or [[starch]]. Buckram is sometimes filled and/or coated, then calendered to produce a smooth finish. It can be moistened then molded to shape to produce a stiff support.  Buckram is often used for stiffening, interlinings, book bindings, and box making.
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A plain-weave, coarse, stiff, [[cotton]] or [[linen]] fabric sized with a water-based [[glue]] or [[starch]]. Buckram is sometimes filled and/or coated, then calendered to produce a smooth finish. It can be moistened then molded to shape to produce a stiff support.  Buckram is often used for stiffening, interlinings, book bindings, box making and shaping hats.  Formerly some buckram contained pyroxylin (cellulose nitrate, that was warmed to create the desired shape, such as for a hat.  Cellulose nitrate is no longer used, but some buckrams do contain an acrylic.
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==

Revision as of 18:30, 23 November 2019

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Description

A plain-weave, coarse, stiff, cotton or linen fabric sized with a water-based glue or starch. Buckram is sometimes filled and/or coated, then calendered to produce a smooth finish. It can be moistened then molded to shape to produce a stiff support. Buckram is often used for stiffening, interlinings, book bindings, box making and shaping hats. Formerly some buckram contained pyroxylin (cellulose nitrate, that was warmed to create the desired shape, such as for a hat. Cellulose nitrate is no longer used, but some buckrams do contain an acrylic.

Synonyms and Related Terms

toile buckram (Fr.); buckram (Ned., Deut.); boekbinderslinnen (Ned); bougran (Ned); stijf linnen (Ned); Buckbinderleinwand (Deut.); tela rigida (It.); tela ahulada (Esp.); linneknot (Sven.); styv kanfas (Sven.); tela buckram (Esp.)

Additional Information

Links to Oddy Test results posted on AIC Wiki Materials Database Pages for individual materials below

° Whaleys Bradford Buckram tested in 2009

Additional Images


Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p.183.
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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