Burnt umber

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Burnt umber

Description

A chocolate brown iron ore pigment made by roasting umber raw umber. Burnt umber contains oxide red iron oxide and dioxide manganese dioxide. The heat treatment converts the yellowish hydroxide iron hydroxides to brownish iron oxides which produces a dark brown pigment with a reddish tone. Burnt umber is a permanent pigment that has been used in oil and watercolor paints.

Burnt umber

Synonyms and Related Terms

Pigment Brown 7; CI 77492; terre d'ombre brle (Fr.); Gebrannte Umbra (Deut.); sombra tostada (Esp.); ombra psimenii (Gr.); terra d'ombra bruciata (It.); bruno di Roma (It.); bruine omber (Ned.); Caledonia brown; Cappagh brown; mineral brown; Turkey umber; jacaranda brown; chestnut brown;

Density 3.64
Refractive Index 2.2 - 2.3

Hazards and Safety

Toxic by ingestion. May cause manganese poisoning.

Authority

  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966 Comment: density 3.64 and ref. index 2.2-2.3
  • G.S.Brady, G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 558
  • Michael McCann, Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • R.D. Harley, R.D. Harley, Artists' Pigments c. 1600-1835, Butterworth Scientific, London, 1982
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Random House, Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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