A stiff, coarse, open-weave fabric used to supported the weave or tufting of a carpet. Early carpet backings were made from cordage type fibers such as jute, hemp, or sisal. Some carpet backings were coated with rubber or latex after weaving. Modern machine made carpets are woven onto synthetic backing fabrics, such as nylon and polypropylene.
Synonyms and Related Terms
voering voor een vloerkleed (Ned); revés de la alfombra (Esp.)
Hazards and Safety
Carpet backings may evolve sulfur and acidic compounds.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002