Difference between revisions of "Cherry wood"

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m (Text replace - "== Authority ==" to "== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==")
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[[File:1976.132-SC14498.jpg|thumb|'''MFA Acc. #:''' 1976.132]]
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[[File:1976.132-SC14498.jpg|thumb|Chamber organ<br>MFA Acc. # 1976.132]]
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
 
Wood from any cherry tree, especially the wild cherry (''Prunus avium'') or the black cherry (''Prunus serotina''). Cherry trees have a smooth reddish brown bark and white blossoms in spring. The close, even-grain wood is strong and smells like roses when freshly cut. It is brownish to light red in color but darkens on exposure. Cherry wood takes a high polish and is valued for instrument cases, furniture, veneers, cabinetry, turnery and decorative items. It was formerly used for airplane propellers. The demand for cherry wood is usually greater than the supply. Other cherry trees used for their wood include the African cherry or makore (''Mimusops heckelii''); Austrian cherry (''Prunus mahaleb''); and European cherry (''Prunus cerasus'').
 
Wood from any cherry tree, especially the wild cherry (''Prunus avium'') or the black cherry (''Prunus serotina''). Cherry trees have a smooth reddish brown bark and white blossoms in spring. The close, even-grain wood is strong and smells like roses when freshly cut. It is brownish to light red in color but darkens on exposure. Cherry wood takes a high polish and is valued for instrument cases, furniture, veneers, cabinetry, turnery and decorative items. It was formerly used for airplane propellers. The demand for cherry wood is usually greater than the supply. Other cherry trees used for their wood include the African cherry or makore (''Mimusops heckelii''); Austrian cherry (''Prunus mahaleb''); and European cherry (''Prunus cerasus'').
  
[[File:1979.266-C33996CR-d1.jpg|thumb|'''MFA Acc. #:''' 1979.266]]
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[[File:1979.266-C33996CR-d1.jpg|thumb|Cherry settee<br>MFA Acc. # 1979.266]]
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
 
cherrywood; mazzard (England); merisier (Fr.); cerisier (Fr.); Kirsche (Deut.); ciliegio (It.); cerezo (Esp.); sakura (Jap.); black cherry; ''Prunus mahaleb'' (Austrian cherry); Mimusops heckelii (African cherry, makore); Prunus cerasus (European cherry, sour cherry); Prunus avium (wild cherry, sweet cherry); Prunus serotina (black cherry);
 
cherrywood; mazzard (England); merisier (Fr.); cerisier (Fr.); Kirsche (Deut.); ciliegio (It.); cerezo (Esp.); sakura (Jap.); black cherry; ''Prunus mahaleb'' (Austrian cherry); Mimusops heckelii (African cherry, makore); Prunus cerasus (European cherry, sour cherry); Prunus avium (wild cherry, sweet cherry); Prunus serotina (black cherry);
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[[File:Cherrywood.jpg|thumb|Cherry wood  (''Prunus cerasis'')]]
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== Physical and CheProperties ==
  
== Other Properties ==
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Color: uniform light reddish brown that darkens with age.  Rings: distinct.  Pores: diffuse, fine.  Gain: distinct.  Rays: distinct.  Hard, lightweight, pleasant smelling. Density = 38-56 ppcf.  Specific gravity = 0.63
 
 
Color: uniform light reddish brown that darkens with age.  Rings: distinct.  Pores: diffuse, fine.  Gain: distinct.  Rays: distinct.  Hard, lightweight, pleasant smelling.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Density
 
| 38-56 ppcf
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Molecular Weight
 
| specific gravity = 0.63
 
|}
 
 
 
[[File:Cherrywood.jpg|thumb|Cherry wood
 
 
 
(''Prunus cerasis'')]]
 
  
 
Paper fiber type: hardwood, diffuse porous. Using transmitted light microscopy, pulp is identified by vessels with irregular open spiraling. Perforations are simple. Appearance with [[Graff "C" stain]]: dark blue, but varies with bleaching. Common pulping method: [[kraft process|kraft]].
 
Paper fiber type: hardwood, diffuse porous. Using transmitted light microscopy, pulp is identified by vessels with irregular open spiraling. Perforations are simple. Appearance with [[Graff "C" stain]]: dark blue, but varies with bleaching. Common pulping method: [[kraft process|kraft]].
 
== Additional Information ==
 
 
Schoch, W., Heller, I., Schweingruber, F.H., Kienast, F., 2004:[http://www.woodanatomy.ch/ Wood anatomy of central European Species]: Stone Fruit: Cherry,[http://www.woodanatomy.ch/species.php?code=PNAV Prunus avium L.]
 
  
 
== Additional Images ==
 
== Additional Images ==
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
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* Schoch, W., Heller, I., Schweingruber, F.H., Kienast, F., 2004:[http://www.woodanatomy.ch/ Wood anatomy of central European Species]: Stone Fruit: Cherry,[http://www.woodanatomy.ch/species.php?code=PNAV Prunus avium L.]
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* Alden Identification Services, Microscopic Wood Identification: [https://wood-identification.com/wood-types/ Link]
  
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 184
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 184
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* ''Dictionary of Building Preservation'', Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
 
* ''Dictionary of Building Preservation'', Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  
* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "Cherry." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004.  Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service.  18 May 2004  .
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* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "Cherry." Accessed: 18 May 2004  .
  
* Website address 1  Comment: Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm  (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
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* Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm  (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
  
 
* H.L.Edlin, ''What Wood is That?'', Viking Press, New York, 1969
 
* H.L.Edlin, ''What Wood is That?'', Viking Press, New York, 1969
  
* Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com  Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prunus (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
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* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prunus (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
  
 
* ''CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics'', Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980  Comment: density=43-56 ppcf (0.70-0.90 g/cm3)
 
* ''CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics'', Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980  Comment: density=43-56 ppcf (0.70-0.90 g/cm3)

Revision as of 17:28, 4 September 2020

Chamber organ
MFA Acc. # 1976.132

Description

Wood from any cherry tree, especially the wild cherry (Prunus avium) or the black cherry (Prunus serotina). Cherry trees have a smooth reddish brown bark and white blossoms in spring. The close, even-grain wood is strong and smells like roses when freshly cut. It is brownish to light red in color but darkens on exposure. Cherry wood takes a high polish and is valued for instrument cases, furniture, veneers, cabinetry, turnery and decorative items. It was formerly used for airplane propellers. The demand for cherry wood is usually greater than the supply. Other cherry trees used for their wood include the African cherry or makore (Mimusops heckelii); Austrian cherry (Prunus mahaleb); and European cherry (Prunus cerasus).

Cherry settee
MFA Acc. # 1979.266

Synonyms and Related Terms

cherrywood; mazzard (England); merisier (Fr.); cerisier (Fr.); Kirsche (Deut.); ciliegio (It.); cerezo (Esp.); sakura (Jap.); black cherry; Prunus mahaleb (Austrian cherry); Mimusops heckelii (African cherry, makore); Prunus cerasus (European cherry, sour cherry); Prunus avium (wild cherry, sweet cherry); Prunus serotina (black cherry);

Cherry wood (Prunus cerasis)

Physical and CheProperties

Color: uniform light reddish brown that darkens with age. Rings: distinct. Pores: diffuse, fine. Gain: distinct. Rays: distinct. Hard, lightweight, pleasant smelling. Density = 38-56 ppcf. Specific gravity = 0.63

Paper fiber type: hardwood, diffuse porous. Using transmitted light microscopy, pulp is identified by vessels with irregular open spiraling. Perforations are simple. Appearance with Graff "C" stain: dark blue, but varies with bleaching. Common pulping method: kraft.

Additional Images

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 184
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • F. H. Titmuss, Commercial Timbers of the World, The Technical Press Ltd., London, 1965 Comment: 38-45 ppcf
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
  • H.L.Edlin, What Wood is That?, Viking Press, New York, 1969
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: density=43-56 ppcf (0.70-0.90 g/cm3)
  • Walter Rantanen. "Fiber ID Course." Integrated Paper Services. June 2013. Lecture.

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