A domesticated fowl (Gallus gallus) raised for its eggs and meat. Chickens are native to India and have been domesticated for over 4000 years. Images of chickens have been found on 7th century BCE Corinthian pottery. Many parts of the birds were used as art materials. The skins were processed to form a thin, fine grain parchment. Chicken eggs (see also egg white, egg yolk, eggshell) were used for egg tempera paints. Feathers, especially down, have been used for filling mattresses and pillows.
Synonyms and Related Terms
fowl (Gallus gallus); poultry
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- External source or communication Comment: Lisa Ellis, submitted information (June 2007)
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "fowl." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service 18 Mar. 2005 .
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicken