White amorphous polysaccharide granules that compose about 70% of a corn kernel. Cornstarch is separated from the gluten and fibrous particles by sieving, wet grinding, then wash flotation. It is composed of 28% amylose and 75% amylopectin. When heated with water, cornstarch forms a medium viscosity solution that does not change with heating time. It thickens substantially on cooling to form an opaque gel. Cornstarch is the predominant starch used in North America as a thickener and filler in foods. It is used as an absorbent powder in baby powders and on the interior of some powdered latex gloves. Cornstarch is also used as an adhesive, a sizing agent, and a filler in waxes and plastics.
Synonyms and Related Terms
corn starch; cornflour; maïzena (Ned.);
Rectangular, slightly concave particles. Granule size = 5 - 26 micrometers.
Gelatinization temperature = 62 - 72C.
Reacts with a iodine/potassium iodide solution to give a positive purple color
Hazards and Safety
Susceptible to biodeterioration. Dried films become brittle with age.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 766
- Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
- Book and Paper Group, Paper Conservation Catalog, AIC, 1984, 1989
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "cereal processing" Encyclopædia Britannica [Accessed April 8, 2002]
- Irving Skeist, Handbook of Adhesives, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1977
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornstarch (Accessed Mar. 1, 2006)
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998