Dacron

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Dacron

Description

[DuPont] A registered trademark for a Polyester fiber made of Polyethylene terephthalate. In 1951, Dacron®, along with Terylene in England, became the first commercially marketed polyester fiber. Dacron® is available as yarn, staple, and fiberfill. Polyester is durable, strong, and washes well. It has good resistance to bleaches, ketones, alcohols, soaps, detergents, and dry cleaning agents. Dacron® is also resistant to creasing, abrasion, heat aging, sunlight, and insect attack. It is used for clothing, curtains, belts, fire hoses, and filled products.

Dacron

Synonyms and Related Terms

polyester; polyethylene terephthalate; Terylene [ICI]; Fiber V;

[[[SliderGallery rightalign|dacron200m.jpg~SEM|dacron500m.jpg~SEM]|DacronTestfabrics.jpg~FTIR|Infrared spectrum of Dacron polyester]]

Other Properties

Resistant to cold acids, weak alkalis, bleach and most organic solvents. Degrades in strong alkalis, strong hot acids, cresol. Tenacity = 2.8-5.2 Elongation = 19-30% Moisture regain = 0.4%

Melting Point 250-260
Density 1.38
Refractive Index 1.54, 1.72

Hazards and Safety

Difficult to ignite. Burns with a shiny, yellow-orange, sooty flame. Self-extinguishing

Additional Information

DuPont Dacron: Website

Comparisons

Properties of Synthetic Fibers


Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Marjory L. Joseph, Marjory L. Joseph, Introductory Textile Science, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Fort Worth, TX, 1986
  • Identification of Textile Materials, The Textile Institute, Manchester, England, 1985
  • G.S.Brady, G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 625
  • Richard S. Lewis, Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 7730

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