Difference between revisions of "Elastomer"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
Originally coined in 1940, elastomer refers to a synthetic polymer with elastic properties similar to [[rubber, natural|natural rubber]]. According to ASTM, an elastomer can recover its original size after repeated extensions to more than twice its initial length. Examples of elastomers are [[polybutadiene]], [[styrene-butadiene rubber]], polychloroprene ([[neoprene]]), [[nitrile rubber]], [[butyl rubber]], [[polysulfide]] rubber (Thiokol), polyisoprene, [[ethylene propylene terpolymer]] (EDPM), [[silicone resin|silicone]] rubber, and [[spandex fiber|polyurethane rubber]].
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Originally coined in 1940, elastomer refers to a synthetic polymer with elastic properties similar to [[rubber (natural, vulcanized)|natural rubber]]. According to ASTM, an elastomer can recover its original size after repeated extensions to more than twice its initial length. Examples of elastomers are [[polybutadiene]], [[styrene-butadiene rubber]], polychloroprene ([[neoprene]]), [[nitrile rubber]], [[butyl rubber]], [[polysulfide]] rubber (Thiokol), [[polyisoprene]], [[ethylene propylene terpolymer]] (EDPM), [[silicone resin|silicone]] rubber, and [[spandex fiber|polyurethane rubber]].
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
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elastómero (Esp.); élastomère (Fr.); elastomero (It.); elastómero (Port.); synthetic rubber;
 
elastómero (Esp.); élastomère (Fr.); elastomero (It.); elastómero (Port.); synthetic rubber;
  
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
  
 
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993  Comment: ..stretched to at least twice its original length..
 
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993  Comment: ..stretched to at least twice its original length..
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* ''Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles'', Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996  Comment: ..recovery after repeated stretching to three times its original length
 
* ''Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles'', Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996  Comment: ..recovery after repeated stretching to three times its original length
  
* Website address 1  Comment: Orrosion Source Gloassary at http://www.corrosionsource.com/handbook/glossary/e_glos.htm gives 'at least twice its original length'.
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* Corrosion Source Glossary at http://www.corrosionsource.com/handbook/glossary/e_glos.htm gives 'at least twice its original length'.
  
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

Revision as of 10:56, 5 August 2020

Description

Originally coined in 1940, elastomer refers to a synthetic polymer with elastic properties similar to natural rubber. According to ASTM, an elastomer can recover its original size after repeated extensions to more than twice its initial length. Examples of elastomers are Polybutadiene, Styrene-butadiene rubber, polychloroprene (Neoprene), Nitrile rubber, Butyl rubber, Polysulfide rubber (Thiokol), Polyisoprene, Ethylene propylene terpolymer (EDPM), silicone rubber, and polyurethane rubber.

Synonyms and Related Terms

elastómero (Esp.); élastomère (Fr.); elastomero (It.); elastómero (Port.); synthetic rubber;

Resources and Citations

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993 Comment: ..stretched to at least twice its original length..
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002
  • Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996 Comment: ..recovery after repeated stretching to three times its original length
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988

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