Difference between revisions of "Enamel, organic"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A smooth, glossy, wear-resistant paint that is either baked or air-dried. Enamel paints, made with an oil, oil-alkyd, oil-resin, or synthetic resin ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=melamine%20resin melamine], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=epoxy%20paint epoxy], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cellulose%20nitrate cellulose nitrate] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=urea%20formaldehyde%20resin urea resin]) binder, may be sprayed or painted. For baked finished the paints are typically applied to a metal surface then heated to drive off the solvent and produce a uniform, dense, tough finish. Black baked enamels are commonly called 'Japan' because of their resemblance to the black [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=lacquer%2C%20oriental Oriental lacquer].
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A smooth, glossy, wear-resistant paint that is either baked or air-dried. Enamel paints, made with an oil, oil-alkyd, oil-resin, or synthetic resin ([[melamine resin|melamine]], [[epoxy paint|epoxy]], [[cellulose nitrate]] or [[urea formaldehyde resin|urea resin]]) binder, may be sprayed or painted. For baked finished the paints are typically applied to a metal surface then heated to drive off the solvent and produce a uniform, dense, tough finish. Black baked enamels are commonly called 'Japan' because of their resemblance to the black [[Lacquer, Oriental|Oriental lacquer]].
  
 
[[File:1984.749-SC71728.jpg|thumb|]]
 
[[File:1984.749-SC71728.jpg|thumb|]]
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== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  

Revision as of 09:30, 15 January 2014

1984.525b-SC16437.jpg

Description

A smooth, glossy, wear-resistant paint that is either baked or air-dried. Enamel paints, made with an oil, oil-alkyd, oil-resin, or synthetic resin (melamine, epoxy, cellulose nitrate or urea resin) binder, may be sprayed or painted. For baked finished the paints are typically applied to a metal surface then heated to drive off the solvent and produce a uniform, dense, tough finish. Black baked enamels are commonly called 'Japan' because of their resemblance to the black Oriental lacquer.

1984.749-SC71728.jpg

Synonyms and Related Terms

baked coating; baked enamel; organic enamel; enamel paint; peinture-émail (Fr.); émail organique (Fr.); Japan; Ripolin 

Additional Images


Authority

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • ASTM, "Standard Terminology Relating to Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Products", Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 6, Paints, Related Coatings and Aromatics, ASTM, D16, 7-Jan, Jul-96
  • Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques, Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996

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