Difference between revisions of "Eraser"

From CAMEO
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - "== Authority ==" to "== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==")
 
Line 4: Line 4:
 
A piece of rubber, cloth, or felt, used for removing dirt and marks made with a pen, pencil, or chalk. Early erasers were abrasive type materials such as [[pumice]] or [[cuttlebone|cuttlefish bone]] that removed a thin layer of the paper or parchment. Moistened leather pads and [[bread eraser|breadcrumbs]] were also used to remove water soluble inks. In the latter part of the 18th century, natural [[rubber eraser|rubber erasers]] were introduced in France. Rubber, [[fastice]], and the more recent [[vinyl eraser|vinyl erasers]], often contain fillers and soft abrasives to assist in removing inks and pigments. These types of erasers may leave trace amounts of residue ([[eraser crumbs]]) that may later stain paper.  
 
A piece of rubber, cloth, or felt, used for removing dirt and marks made with a pen, pencil, or chalk. Early erasers were abrasive type materials such as [[pumice]] or [[cuttlebone|cuttlefish bone]] that removed a thin layer of the paper or parchment. Moistened leather pads and [[bread eraser|breadcrumbs]] were also used to remove water soluble inks. In the latter part of the 18th century, natural [[rubber eraser|rubber erasers]] were introduced in France. Rubber, [[fastice]], and the more recent [[vinyl eraser|vinyl erasers]], often contain fillers and soft abrasives to assist in removing inks and pigments. These types of erasers may leave trace amounts of residue ([[eraser crumbs]]) that may later stain paper.  
  
See also: [[Design® Artgum® eraser]]; [[Absorene®]]; [[Draft Clean]]; [[India rubber]]; [[Fybrglass eraser]]; [[Design® Kneadable Rubber]]; [[Magic Rub® eraser]]; [[Pink Pearl® eraser]]; [[Tapeten Reiniger eraser]]; [[gum eraser]];
+
See also: [[Design Artgum eraser]]; [[Absorene]]; [[Draft Clean]]; [[India rubber]]; [[Fybrglass eraser]]; [[Design Kneaded Rubber]]; [[Magic Rub eraser]]; [[Pink Pearl eraser]]; [[Tapeten Reiniger eraser]]; [[gum eraser]];
  
 
[[File:Eberhard faber.jpg|thumb|Eberhard Faber kneaded rubber eraser]]
 
[[File:Eberhard faber.jpg|thumb|Eberhard Faber kneaded rubber eraser]]
Line 11: Line 11:
  
 
rubber (Br.); viskelæder (Dan.); Radiergummi (Deut.); goma de borrar (Esp.); radergummi (Sven.); Design® Artgum [Faber-Castell]; Absorene® [Absorene]; Draft Clean  [GH Smith]; fastice; India rubber; Design® Kneadable Rubber [Faber-Castell];  Magic Rub® [Faber-Castell]; Pink Pearl® eraser [Faber-Castell]; Mars Plastic  eraser [Staedler]
 
rubber (Br.); viskelæder (Dan.); Radiergummi (Deut.); goma de borrar (Esp.); radergummi (Sven.); Design® Artgum [Faber-Castell]; Absorene® [Absorene]; Draft Clean  [GH Smith]; fastice; India rubber; Design® Kneadable Rubber [Faber-Castell];  Magic Rub® [Faber-Castell]; Pink Pearl® eraser [Faber-Castell]; Mars Plastic  eraser [Staedler]
 
== Additional Information ==
 
 
° E.Estabrook "Considerations of the Effect of Erasers on Cotton Fabric" ''JAIC'' 28:79-96, 1989. [http://aic.stanford.edu/jaic/articles/jaic28-02-003.html Link]
 
 
° E. J. Pearlstein, D. Cabelli, A. King, & N. Indictor, "Effects of Eraser Treatment on Paper" ''JAIC'' 22(1):1-12, 1982. [http://aic.stanford.edu/jaic/articles/jaic22-01-001.html Link]
 
  
 
== Additional Images ==
 
== Additional Images ==
Line 29: Line 23:
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 +
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
 +
* E.Estabrook "Considerations of the Effect of Erasers on Cotton Fabric" JAIC 28:79-96, 1989. Link
  
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
+
* E. J. Pearlstein, D. Cabelli, A. King, & N. Indictor, "Effects of Eraser Treatment on Paper" JAIC 22(1):1-12, 1982. Link
  
 
* Marjorie Shelley, ''The Care and Handling of Art Objects'', The Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1987
 
* Marjorie Shelley, ''The Care and Handling of Art Objects'', The Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1987
Line 36: Line 32:
 
* Hermann Kuhn, ''Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities'', Butterworths, London, 1986
 
* Hermann Kuhn, ''Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities'', Butterworths, London, 1986
  
* Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com  Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eraser (Accessed Nov. 2, 2005)
+
* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eraser (Accessed Nov. 2, 2005)
  
 
* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
 
* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997

Latest revision as of 09:12, 11 August 2020

Powdered eraser

Description

A piece of rubber, cloth, or felt, used for removing dirt and marks made with a pen, pencil, or chalk. Early erasers were abrasive type materials such as Pumice or cuttlefish bone that removed a thin layer of the paper or parchment. Moistened leather pads and breadcrumbs were also used to remove water soluble inks. In the latter part of the 18th century, natural rubber erasers were introduced in France. Rubber, Fastice, and the more recent vinyl erasers, often contain fillers and soft abrasives to assist in removing inks and pigments. These types of erasers may leave trace amounts of residue (Eraser crumbs) that may later stain paper.

See also: Design Artgum eraser; Absorene; Draft Clean; India rubber; Fybrglass eraser; Design Kneaded Rubber; Magic Rub eraser; Pink Pearl eraser; Tapeten Reiniger eraser; Gum eraser;

Eberhard Faber kneaded rubber eraser

Synonyms and Related Terms

rubber (Br.); viskelæder (Dan.); Radiergummi (Deut.); goma de borrar (Esp.); radergummi (Sven.); Design® Artgum [Faber-Castell]; Absorene® [Absorene]; Draft Clean [GH Smith]; fastice; India rubber; Design® Kneadable Rubber [Faber-Castell]; Magic Rub® [Faber-Castell]; Pink Pearl® eraser [Faber-Castell]; Mars Plastic eraser [Staedler]

Additional Images

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • E.Estabrook "Considerations of the Effect of Erasers on Cotton Fabric" JAIC 28:79-96, 1989. Link
  • E. J. Pearlstein, D. Cabelli, A. King, & N. Indictor, "Effects of Eraser Treatment on Paper" JAIC 22(1):1-12, 1982. Link
  • Marjorie Shelley, The Care and Handling of Art Objects, The Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1987
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

Retrieved from "http://cameo.mfa.org/index.php?title=Eraser&oldid=78645"