Difference between revisions of "Ground"

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(Description)
(Description)
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4. Synthetic - acrylic or alkyd based primer introduced in the late 20th century
 
4. Synthetic - acrylic or alkyd based primer introduced in the late 20th century
  
For gilding, [[bole]] is used as a colored ground or priming layer.  Bole is typically composed of a red or brown clay.  Colored grounds have also been used for drawings and paintings made with [[gouache]], [[pastel]], [[charcoal]], and [[crayon]].  
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For gilding, [[bole]] is used as a colored ground or priming layer.  Bole is typically composed of a red or brown clay.  Colored grounds have also been used for [[metal point]] drawings and paintings made with [[gouache]], [[pastel]], [[charcoal]], and [[crayon]].  
  
 
For printmaking, the ground layer is a dark, acid-resistant coating containing [[wax]], [[tallow]], [[asphalt]], and/or [[natural resin]].
 
For printmaking, the ground layer is a dark, acid-resistant coating containing [[wax]], [[tallow]], [[asphalt]], and/or [[natural resin]].

Revision as of 08:44, 31 July 2014

Description

A foundation layer used to prepare a support material for the application of media. Grounds provide a smooth, uniform, and nonporous surface. They can also act as a separating and stabilizing layer to minimize environmental distortions or support deterioration due to reactions with the paint.

For artist paintings, grounds typically fall into these categories.

1. Gesso or chalk - a glue binder mixed with gypsum or chalk

2. Emulsion -a glue medium emulsified with some oil, egg, or natural resin

3. Oil ground- a drying oil, such as linseed oil, with lead white or other white pigment

4. Synthetic - acrylic or alkyd based primer introduced in the late 20th century

For gilding, bole is used as a colored ground or priming layer. Bole is typically composed of a red or brown clay. Colored grounds have also been used for metal point drawings and paintings made with gouache, pastel, charcoal, and crayon.

For printmaking, the ground layer is a dark, acid-resistant coating containing wax, tallow, asphalt, and/or natural resin.

Synonyms and Related Terms

primer; gesso; preparación (Esp.); aparejo (Esp.); préparation (Fr.); fond (Fr.); camada preparatória (Port.); preparação (Port.)

Additional Information

J.Stephenson, "Ground" The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc. New York, 1996.

Authority

  • Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)

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