Difference between revisions of "Ground"

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(Description)
(Description)
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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A foundation layer used to prepare a support material for the application of paint.  Grounds provide a smooth, uniform, and nonporous surface.  They can also act as a separating and stabilizing layer to minimize environmental distortions or support deterioration due to reactions with the paint.
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A foundation layer used to prepare a support material for the application of media.  Grounds provide a smooth, uniform, and nonporous surface.  They can also act as a separating and stabilizing layer to minimize environmental distortions or support deterioration due to reactions with the paint.
  
 
For artist paintings, grounds typically fall into these categories.
 
For artist paintings, grounds typically fall into these categories.

Revision as of 07:43, 31 July 2014

Description

A foundation layer used to prepare a support material for the application of media. Grounds provide a smooth, uniform, and nonporous surface. They can also act as a separating and stabilizing layer to minimize environmental distortions or support deterioration due to reactions with the paint.

For artist paintings, grounds typically fall into these categories.

1. Gesso or chalk - a glue binder mixed with gypsum or chalk

2. Emulsion -a glue medium emulsified with some oil, egg, or natural resin

3. Oil ground- a drying oil, such as linseed oil, with lead white or other white pigment

4. Synthetic - acrylic or alkyd based primer introduced in the late 20th century

For gilding, bole is used as a colored ground or priming layer. Bole is typically composed of a red or brown clay. Colored grounds have also been used for drawings and paintings made with gouache, pastel, charcoal, and crayon.

For printmaking, the ground layer is a dark, acid-resistant coating containing wax, tallow, asphalt, and/or natural resin.

Synonyms and Related Terms

primer; gesso; preparación (Esp.); aparejo (Esp.); préparation (Fr.); fond (Fr.); camada preparatória (Port.); preparação (Port.)

Additional Information

J.Stephenson, "Ground" The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc. New York, 1996.

Authority

  • Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)

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