Hard paste porcelain

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True, translucent porcelain which has been fired at temperatures of about 1400C. Hard paste porcelain is composed of kaolin, feldspar, quartz, and/or flint. Hard paste porcelains were made in China and Japan in the 5th century CE from naturally occurring mixtures of clay. The first man-made mixture of hard paste was developed in Meissen, Germany in 1710. Soft paste porcelains are fired at lower temperatures.


Synonyms and Related Terms

pate dure; hard-paste; hardpaste; porcelaine à pâte dure (Fr.); porcelana de pasta dura (Port.)

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Henry Hodges, Artifacts: An Introduction to Early Materials and Technology, Ronald P. Frye, Kingston, Canada, 1988
  • Robert Fournier, Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery, Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 1992
  • The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: "Ceramics";
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997