Hemp

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Description

A general name given to any of several coarse, durable bast fibers obtained from a variety of plants, e.g., Hibiscus cannabinus (Deccan hemp, <A href=\fullrecord.asp?name=kenaf\">kenaf</A>, <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=paco-paco\">paco-paco</A>)Musa textilis Manila hemp- see <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=abaca\">abaca</A>) or Agave sisalana (Sisal hemp- see <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=sisal\">sisal</A>). Indian hemp (Cannabis sativa), also called true hemp, is an ancient crop cultivated in Asia for its fibers as early as 2800 BCE. Hemp fibers range from 1-2 meters long and are yellow to brown in color. They have a high <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=cellulose\">cellulose</A> content with little <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=lignin\">lignin</A>. Hemp is lustrous, strong and durable with good resistance to <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=water\">water</A> salts light and insects. Hemp is used for cordage fish lines <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=sailcloth\">sailcloth</A> <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=canvas\">canvas</A> and <A href=\"fullrecord.asp?name=burlap\">burlap</A>.
See attached image(s).






Synonyms and Related Terms

Indian hemp; marijuana; ganja; chanvre (Fr.); Hibiscus cannabinus (Deccan hemp; Musa textilis (Manila hemp); Agave sisalana (Sisal hemp); Cannabis sativa (Indian hemp, true hemp, or marijuana); almindelig Hamp (Dan.); Hanf (Deut.); chanvre (Fr.); hennep (Ned.); cânhamo (Port.); hampan (Sven.)

Hemp plants:

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