Difference between revisions of "Imitation leather"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A flexible fabric or paper imprinted or embossed to simulate the appearance and feel of leather. For inexpensive imitation leathers, a base cloth of a heavy fabric, such as [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=duck cotton duck] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=rayon fiber rayon], is coated with a plastic, such as [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=vinyl resin vinyl], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cellulose acetate cellulose acetate], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cellulose nitrate cellulose nitrate], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=polyethylene polyethylene], or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=neoprene chloroprene] rubber. Some imitation leathers are made without a fabric lining. One method uses thick, embossed sheets of slightly elastomeric plastic ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=rubber, natural rubber] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=polyurethane polyurethane]) while a second method uses compressed, pulped leather scraps and a third method uses textile fibers mixed with a polymeric binder. Imitation leathers are used for upholstery, luggage, bookbinding, and automobile seat covers. It is unlawful to use terms that imply a material is leather when it is an imitation. See also [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Fabrikoid Fabrikoid] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Naugahyde Naugahyde].
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A flexible fabric or paper imprinted or embossed to simulate the appearance and feel of leather. For inexpensive imitation leathers, a base cloth of a heavy fabric, such as [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=duck cotton duck] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=rayon%20fiber rayon], is coated with a plastic, such as [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=vinyl%20resin vinyl], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cellulose%20acetate cellulose acetate], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cellulose%20nitrate cellulose nitrate], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=polyethylene polyethylene], or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=neoprene chloroprene] rubber. Some imitation leathers are made without a fabric lining. One method uses thick, embossed sheets of slightly elastomeric plastic ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=rubber%2C%20natural rubber] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=polyurethane polyurethane]) while a second method uses compressed, pulped leather scraps and a third method uses textile fibers mixed with a polymeric binder. Imitation leathers are used for upholstery, luggage, bookbinding, and automobile seat covers. It is unlawful to use terms that imply a material is leather when it is an imitation. See also [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Fabrikoid Fabrikoid] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Naugahyde%C2%AE Naugahyde®].
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
artificial leather; cuir artificiel (Fr.); imitacin de cuero (Esp.);  imitacin de piel (Esp.); namaak leer (Ned); leerdoek (Ned.); leatherette; leather cloth; Fabrikoid; Naugahyde;
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artificial leather; cuir artificiel (Fr.); imitación de cuero (Esp.);  imitación de piel (Esp.); namaak leer (Ned); leerdoek (Ned.); leatherette; leather cloth; Fabrikoid; Naugahyde®;
  
 
== Additional Information ==
 
== Additional Information ==
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== Authority ==
 
== Authority ==
  
* G.S.Brady, G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 203
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* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 203
  
* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
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* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  
* Polymer Handbook, Polymer Handbook, Sealants and Adhesives
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* Polymer Handbook, Sealants and Adhesives
  
 
* Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
 
* Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
  
* Website address 1, Website address 1  Comment: American Leather Chemists Association Glossary at www.leatherchemists.org
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* Website address 1  Comment: American Leather Chemists Association Glossary at www.leatherchemists.org
  
  
  
 
[[Category:Materials database]]
 
[[Category:Materials database]]

Revision as of 07:48, 24 July 2013

Description

A flexible fabric or paper imprinted or embossed to simulate the appearance and feel of leather. For inexpensive imitation leathers, a base cloth of a heavy fabric, such as cotton duck or rayon, is coated with a plastic, such as vinyl, cellulose acetate, cellulose nitrate, polyethylene, or chloroprene rubber. Some imitation leathers are made without a fabric lining. One method uses thick, embossed sheets of slightly elastomeric plastic (rubber or polyurethane) while a second method uses compressed, pulped leather scraps and a third method uses textile fibers mixed with a polymeric binder. Imitation leathers are used for upholstery, luggage, bookbinding, and automobile seat covers. It is unlawful to use terms that imply a material is leather when it is an imitation. See also Fabrikoid and Naugahyde®.

Synonyms and Related Terms

artificial leather; cuir artificiel (Fr.); imitación de cuero (Esp.); imitación de piel (Esp.); namaak leer (Ned); leerdoek (Ned.); leatherette; leather cloth; Fabrikoid; Naugahyde®;

Additional Information

G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, 10th edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1971.

Authority

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 203
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • Polymer Handbook, Sealants and Adhesives
  • Website address 1 Comment: American Leather Chemists Association Glossary at www.leatherchemists.org

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