Difference between revisions of "Dogbane"

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[[File:49.414-SC2674.jpg|thumb|'''MFA Acc. #:''' 49.414]]
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[[File:Apocynum cannabinum 6801.jpg|thumb|Apocynum cannabinum in flower]]
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A bast fiber obtained from retting the stalks of cannabis plants. Indian hemp ''Cannabis sativa'', also called true hemp, is an ancient crop cultivated in central Asia for its fibers as early as 2800 BCEIts use spread to the Mediterranean region during the first millenia CE and seeds were taken to Chille in the 1500s. Hemp fibers range from 1-2 meters long and are yellow to brown to gray in color. They have a high cellulose content with little lignin.  Hemp is lustrous, strong, and durable with good resistance to water, salts, light, and insects. Hemp is used for cordage, fish lines, sailcloth, canvas, and burlap.
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Dogbane (''Apocynum cannabinum''), also commonly known as "Indian hemp,' is a deciduous perennial herbaceous plant that grows throughout much of North America - in the southern half of Canada and throughout the United States. Bast fibers derived from the plant's inner bark have been used for fibers and cordage throughout North AmericaDogbane is part of the Apocynaceae or dogbane family, which is shared with milkweeds, and is not related to true hemp despite one of its common names.
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All parts of the plant are poisonous and can cause cardiac arrest if ingested. Indian hemp fibers range from 1-2 meters long and are yellow to brown to gray in color. They have a high cellulose content with little lignin.  Dogbane is lustrous, strong, and durable with good resistance to water, salts, light, and insects. Hemp is used for cordage, fishing lines, sailcloth, canvas, and burlap. Dogbane is also used for nets, snares and basketry.
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* For identification of dogbane fibers , see http://cameo.mfa.org/wiki/Category:FRIL:_Plant_Fibers
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Including:
 +
* Blue dogbane (''Amsonia tabernaemontana'')
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* Intermediate dognbane (''Apocynum floribundum'')
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* Spreading dogbane (''Apocynum androsaemifolium'')
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
''Cannabis sativa''; true hemp; cáñamo indio (Esp.) ; hennep (Ned);
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''Apocynum cannbinum L''; Indian hemp; amy root; hemp dogbane; prairie dogbane; rheumatism root; or wild cotton; cáñamo indio (Esp.) ; hennep (Ned);
  
 
== Other Properties ==
 
== Other Properties ==
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Combustible, may ignite spontaneously when wet.
 
Combustible, may ignite spontaneously when wet.
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 +
==Fiber Identification==
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{|
 +
|[[FILE:47861db19c71dc5496909587b4efc699.jpg|300px]]
 +
IH-019-06-24-09-BF-400X-PM-3-9
 +
||
 +
{| Class="wikitable" border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse;"
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Source
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|| bast
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Accession Number
 +
|| 6/18/91-AE.7.5.1-4.1.2.-3.6/24/91 (o) #2
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Title
 +
|| Indian hemp, water boil stem, peel fiber
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Processing treatment
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|| boil in water
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Image Identification information
 +
|| IH-019-06-24-09-BF-400X-PM-3-9
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Image capture
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|| digital
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Microscope
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|| Zeiss Axioplan
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Mounting agent and RI
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|| RI: permount 1.515
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Microscopic technique
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|| Brightfield
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Lumen type
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|| narrow lumen diameter relative to fiber diameter
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Dislocations
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|| few dislocations
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Fiber size
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|| medium fiber diameter, narrow fiber diameter
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Surface folds
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|| surface folds present
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|}
 +
|}
 +
{|
 +
|[[FILE:06e00c403db45062b07808dbfa718cfa.jpg|300px]]
 +
IH-020-06-24-09-DF-400X-PM-3-9
 +
||
 +
{| Class="wikitable" border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse;"
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Source
 +
|| bast
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Accession Number
 +
|| 6/18/91-AE.7.5.1-4.1.2.-3.6/24/91 (o) #2
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Title
 +
|| Indian hemp, water boil stem, peel fiber
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Processing treatment
 +
|| boil in water
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Image Identification information
 +
|| IH-020-06-24-09-DF-400X-PM-3-9
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Image capture
 +
|| digital
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Date of image capture
 +
|| 06/24/09
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Microscopist
 +
|| l. Crawford
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Date of image capture
 +
|| 06/24/09
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Microscopist
 +
|| l. Crawford
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Microscope
 +
|| Zeiss Axioplan
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Mounting agent and RI
 +
|| RI: permount 1.515
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Microscopic technique
 +
|| Darkfield
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Lumen type
 +
|| narrow lumen diameter relative to fiber diameter
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Dislocations
 +
|| few dislocations
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Fiber size
 +
|| medium fiber diameter, narrow fiber diameter
 +
|-
 +
!scope="row" style="text-align:left;" | Surface folds
 +
|| surface folds present
 +
|}
 +
|}
  
 
== Additional Information ==
 
== Additional Information ==

Latest revision as of 15:29, 25 June 2020

Apocynum cannabinum in flower

Description

Dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum), also commonly known as "Indian hemp,' is a deciduous perennial herbaceous plant that grows throughout much of North America - in the southern half of Canada and throughout the United States. Bast fibers derived from the plant's inner bark have been used for fibers and cordage throughout North America. Dogbane is part of the Apocynaceae or dogbane family, which is shared with milkweeds, and is not related to true hemp despite one of its common names.

All parts of the plant are poisonous and can cause cardiac arrest if ingested. Indian hemp fibers range from 1-2 meters long and are yellow to brown to gray in color. They have a high cellulose content with little lignin. Dogbane is lustrous, strong, and durable with good resistance to water, salts, light, and insects. Hemp is used for cordage, fishing lines, sailcloth, canvas, and burlap. Dogbane is also used for nets, snares and basketry.

Including:

  • Blue dogbane (Amsonia tabernaemontana)
  • Intermediate dognbane (Apocynum floribundum)
  • Spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

Synonyms and Related Terms

Apocynum cannbinum L; Indian hemp; amy root; hemp dogbane; prairie dogbane; rheumatism root; or wild cotton; cáñamo indio (Esp.) ; hennep (Ned);

Other Properties

Resistant to water and alkalis. Damage by weak acids and bleaches.

Fiber length = 1-2 m. Fibers have a smooth cell wall with horizontal striations that are often packed close together.

Hazards and Safety

Combustible, may ignite spontaneously when wet.

Fiber Identification

47861db19c71dc5496909587b4efc699.jpg

IH-019-06-24-09-BF-400X-PM-3-9

Source bast
Accession Number 6/18/91-AE.7.5.1-4.1.2.-3.6/24/91 (o) #2
Title Indian hemp, water boil stem, peel fiber
Processing treatment boil in water
Image Identification information IH-019-06-24-09-BF-400X-PM-3-9
Image capture digital
Microscope Zeiss Axioplan
Mounting agent and RI RI: permount 1.515
Microscopic technique Brightfield
Lumen type narrow lumen diameter relative to fiber diameter
Dislocations few dislocations
Fiber size medium fiber diameter, narrow fiber diameter
Surface folds surface folds present
06e00c403db45062b07808dbfa718cfa.jpg

IH-020-06-24-09-DF-400X-PM-3-9

Source bast
Accession Number 6/18/91-AE.7.5.1-4.1.2.-3.6/24/91 (o) #2
Title Indian hemp, water boil stem, peel fiber
Processing treatment boil in water
Image Identification information IH-020-06-24-09-DF-400X-PM-3-9
Image capture digital
Date of image capture 06/24/09
Microscopist l. Crawford
Date of image capture 06/24/09
Microscopist l. Crawford
Microscope Zeiss Axioplan
Mounting agent and RI RI: permount 1.515
Microscopic technique Darkfield
Lumen type narrow lumen diameter relative to fiber diameter
Dislocations few dislocations
Fiber size medium fiber diameter, narrow fiber diameter
Surface folds surface folds present

Additional Information

T.Collings, D. Miller, 'The Identification of Oriental Paper Fibers' The Paper Conservator, vol 3, 1978. Woodlands Fibers