Difference between revisions of "Insecticide"

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m (Text replace - "== Authority (list of sources check for information on this record)==" to "== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==")
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5. Fumigants (e.g., [[sulfuryl fluoride]] and [[methyl bromide]]) are vapor phase insecticides that penetrate inaccessible locations.  
 
5. Fumigants (e.g., [[sulfuryl fluoride]] and [[methyl bromide]]) are vapor phase insecticides that penetrate inaccessible locations.  
  
6. Anoxic storage using oxygen scavengers ([[Ageless®]], [[VELOXY®]]) in an airtight container kills all stages of insects (adults, eggs, larvae, and pupae).
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6. Anoxic storage using oxygen scavengers ([[Ageless]], VELOXY) in an airtight container kills all stages of insects (adults, eggs, larvae, and pupae).
  
 
[[File:Insecticides_ground_forestryimages.org.jpg|thumb|Insecticide]]
 
[[File:Insecticides_ground_forestryimages.org.jpg|thumb|Insecticide]]
  
== Hazards and Safety ==
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== Risks ==
  
 
All insecticides are potentially toxic to humans and animals.  Pyrethrins, rotenone and methoxychlor are the least toxic because they quickly decompose.
 
All insecticides are potentially toxic to humans and animals.  Pyrethrins, rotenone and methoxychlor are the least toxic because they quickly decompose.
 
== Additional Information ==
 
 
J.Dawson, "Solving Museum Insect Problems: Chemical Control" CCI Technical Bulletin No. 15.
 
  
 
== Additional Images ==
 
== Additional Images ==
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 
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== Resources and Citations ==
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
 
  
 
* Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, ''A Guide to Museum Pest Control'', FAIC and Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1988
 
* Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, ''A Guide to Museum Pest Control'', FAIC and Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1988
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* Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, ''A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques'', Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981
 
* Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, ''A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques'', Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981
  
* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "Insecticide." Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 Sept. 2004 .
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* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "Insecticide." Accessed (7 Sept. 2004).
  
 
* ''Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia'', Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
 
* ''Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia'', Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976

Revision as of 09:20, 11 August 2020

DDT insecticide

Description

Chemical products designed to kill insects. Insecticides can be classified as:

1. Inorganic toxic compounds (e.g., soluble salts of Arsenic, Lead, Mercury, and Copper) are consumed and act as stomach poisons. Silica absorbs the outer waxy covering and desiccates insects.

2. Natural organic compounds (e.g., Pyrethrin, Rotenone, Nicotine, Copper naphthenate, petroleum derivatives) are contact insecticides.

3. Synthetic organic compounds such as chlorinated (e.g., DDT, Aldrin, Chlordane, Lindane) contact insecticides are nonbiodegradable and many have been banned. Organic phosphates (e.g., Parathion, Diazinon, Chloropyrifos, Dichlorvos, Malathion) are toxic contact insecticides that are still in use.

4. Insect growth regulators (e.g., Methoprene, hydroprene, and Fenoxycarb) prevent larvae from becoming adults.

5. Fumigants (e.g., Sulfuryl fluoride and Methyl bromide) are vapor phase insecticides that penetrate inaccessible locations.

6. Anoxic storage using oxygen scavengers (Ageless, VELOXY) in an airtight container kills all stages of insects (adults, eggs, larvae, and pupae).

Insecticide

Risks

All insecticides are potentially toxic to humans and animals. Pyrethrins, rotenone and methoxychlor are the least toxic because they quickly decompose.

Additional Images

Resources and Citations

  • Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, A Guide to Museum Pest Control, FAIC and Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1988
  • J. Dawson, CCI Technical Bulletin, 'Solving Museum Insect Problems: Chemical Control' , Canadian Conservation Institute, Ottawa, No. 15
  • Caring for your Collections, Arthur W Schulz (ed.), Harry N. Abrams, Inc. , New York, 1992
  • Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques, Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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