Kraft process

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Description

A chemical method of producing paper pulp from wood using Sodium hydroxide and Sodium sulfide. This process is an improvement on the Soda process, which is closely related. The process has been used since 1890, but only gained popularity after an efficient recovery system was developed in 1930. This method is the most popular method for producing wood pulp due to advantages over soda and sulfite pulping methods.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Sulfate pulp; kraft pulp; softwood bleached kraft; softwood kraft; hardwood bleached kraft; hardwood kraft

Other Properties

When stained with Graff's C-stain, kraft pulp can appear in a range of colors depending on the wood type (softwood or hardwood) and the amount of bleaching. Unbleached kraft pulps will appear yellow or blue/grey. With increased bleaching, pulps will appear lighter and tend more toward blue when treated with stain. The stained color of kraft pulp tends to be darker than sulfite pulp.

Authority

  • J.R.G. Bryce.“Sulfite Pulping” and “Alkaline Pulping”. Pulp and Paper: Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Volume 1, Edition 3. John Wiley & Sons, 1980. James P. Casey Ed.
  • Christopher Biermann. Essentials of Pulping and Papermaking. Academic Press, 1993.