Difference between revisions of "Lithograph"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
A planographic printing process developed in Germany in the 1790’s.  The technique relies on the tendency of water and oil to repel each other.  Traditionally, a design is made on a [[lithograph stone]] with a [[lithograph crayon]].  The stone is wet with water.  Ink is applied to the stone with a roller.  The ink sticks where the crayon has been applied, and not where the stone is wet.  Images are printed from the stone onto paper.  20th century developments in lithography allowed greater freedom for artists to make designs in [[tusche]] or to use surfaces such as metal and plastic.   
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A planographic printing process developed in Germany in the 1790’s.  The technique relies on the tendency of water and oil to repel each other.  Traditionally, a design is made on a [[lithograph stone]] with a [[lithograph crayon]].  The stone is wet with water.  Ink is applied to the stone with a roller.  The ink sticks where the crayon has been applied, and not where the stone is wet.  Images are printed from the stone onto paper.   
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Lithography was widely used to make posters in the 19th and 20th centuries.  Later 20th century developments in lithography allowed greater freedom for artists to make designs in [[tusche]] or to use surfaces such as metal and plastic.   
  
  
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File:2012.jpg|Honoré Daumier, MFA acc# 2012.359
 
File:2012.jpg|Honoré Daumier, MFA acc# 2012.359
  
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, MFA acc# 65.45
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File:Lautrec 65 45.jpg|Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, MFA acc# 65.45
  
 
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Revision as of 08:28, 2 July 2014

Eugène Delacroix MFA acc# M25441 Detail
Jasper Johns MFA acc# 1980.38


Description

A planographic printing process developed in Germany in the 1790’s. The technique relies on the tendency of water and oil to repel each other. Traditionally, a design is made on a lithograph stone with a lithograph crayon. The stone is wet with water. Ink is applied to the stone with a roller. The ink sticks where the crayon has been applied, and not where the stone is wet. Images are printed from the stone onto paper. Lithography was widely used to make posters in the 19th and 20th centuries. Later 20th century developments in lithography allowed greater freedom for artists to make designs in tusche or to use surfaces such as metal and plastic.


Additional Information

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Lithography's First Half Century: the Age of Goya and Delacroix. 1996.


Additional Images

Authority

Bamber Gascoigne, How to identify Prints. New York: 1986.

Richard Benson, The Printed Picture. New York: 2008.

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