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MFA Acc. #: 47.1169


A large family of ornamental, evergreen trees of the genus Magnolia, such as Magnolia grandiflora, that is native to Central and North America. Magnolia produces a heavy, durable wood that is used for boxes, furniture, and millwork.

Magnolia tree (Magnolia virginiana)

Synonyms and Related Terms

laurel; sweet bay; southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora); bull bay; Magnolien (Deut.); Magnolie (Dan.); Magnolia (Esp., Fr., It., Ned., Sven.); Magnólia (Port.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

Medium tree growing to 25 m with pyrimidal crown. Wood desnity = 35 pcf. Bark=brown with flat plates or scales. Leaves=oval (8-12 cm) and pinnately veined, waxy top surface. Fruit=aggregate of follicles turning red when mature in fall.

Additional Images

Resources and Citations

  • Hardwood Manufacturers Institute, Memphis, Tenn.: air-dry weight = 35 pcf
  • Edward Reich, Carlton J. Siegler, Consumer Goods: How to Know and Use Them, American Book Company, New York City, 1937
  • Virginia Tech Dendrology website at (accessed Oct. 8, 2005)

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