Difference between revisions of "Malachite Green"

From CAMEO
Jump to: navigation, search
(Description)
m (Text replace - "== Authority ==" to "== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==")
 
(4 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A synthetic organic dye that was named for the mineral because of its color hue. Malachite Green is an aniline based dyestuff (a triphenylmethane salt) made by Dobner and Fisher in 1877. Both the chloride and the oxalate salt are known by the same name. In a neutral aqueous solution, its green crystals give an absorption maximum at 616.9 nm. Malachite Green is used for the direct dying of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=silk silk], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=wool wool], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=jute jute], and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=leather leather]. It is also used to dye [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cotton cotton] after mordanting. Malachite Green can be used in spot chemical tests for the detection of sulfurous acid and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cerium cerium]. It is used as an acid-base indicator with the following color ranges: yellow at pH 0, green at pH 2.0, cyan at pH 11.6, and colorless at pH 14. Malachite Green is also used to kill parasites, mold, and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=fungus fungi] in fish tanks.
+
A synthetic organic dye that was named for the mineral because of its color hue. Malachite Green is an aniline based dyestuff (a triphenylmethane salt) made by Dobner and Fisher in 1877. Both the chloride and the oxalate salt are known by the same name. In a neutral aqueous solution, its green crystals give an absorption maximum at 616.9 nm. Malachite Green is used for the direct dying of [[silk|silk]], [[wool|wool]], [[jute|jute]], and [[leather|leather]]. It is also used to dye [[cotton|cotton]] after mordanting. Malachite Green can be used in spot chemical tests for the detection of sulfurous acid and [[cerium|cerium]]. It is used as an acid-base indicator with the following color ranges: yellow at pH 0, green at pH 2.0, cyan at pH 11.6, and colorless at pH 14. Malachite Green is also used to kill parasites, mold, and [[fungus|fungi]] in fish tanks.
  
[[File:Malachite.Green_abs.jpg|thumb|Absorption spectrum]]
+
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign| Slide17 F386.PNG~XRF]]]
+
[[[SliderGallery rightalign| Slide17 F386.PNG~XRF|Malachite.Green_abs.jpg~Absorption spectrum]]]
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
Line 35: Line 35:
 
Fisher Scientific: [https://fscimage.fishersci.com/msds/13533.htm MSDS]
 
Fisher Scientific: [https://fscimage.fishersci.com/msds/13533.htm MSDS]
  
== Authority ==
+
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
  
 
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
 
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993

Latest revision as of 06:49, 1 May 2016

Malachite Green

Description

A synthetic organic dye that was named for the mineral because of its color hue. Malachite Green is an aniline based dyestuff (a triphenylmethane salt) made by Dobner and Fisher in 1877. Both the chloride and the oxalate salt are known by the same name. In a neutral aqueous solution, its green crystals give an absorption maximum at 616.9 nm. Malachite Green is used for the direct dying of Silk, Wool, Jute, and Leather. It is also used to dye Cotton after mordanting. Malachite Green can be used in spot chemical tests for the detection of sulfurous acid and Cerium. It is used as an acid-base indicator with the following color ranges: yellow at pH 0, green at pH 2.0, cyan at pH 11.6, and colorless at pH 14. Malachite Green is also used to kill parasites, mold, and fungi in fish tanks.


XRF

Slide17 F386.PNG

Absorption spectrum

Malachite.Green abs.jpg


Synonyms and Related Terms

malachite green chloride; Basic Green 4; CI 42000; viktoriavihreä (Fin.); Viktoriagrün (Deut.); Braunschweigergrün (Deut.); vert malachite (Fr.); viktoriagrönt (Sven.); verde malaquite (Port.); benzaldehyde green;

COmmercial names: Victoria Green B; China Green; Diamond Green B; Light Green N; Benzal Green; Fast Green

Other Properties

Soluble in water and ethanol, methanol and amyl alcohol.

Composition C23H25ClN2
CAS 569-64-2
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 364.92

Hazards and Safety

Toxic by ingestion. Contact may cause irritation.

Fisher Scientific: MSDS

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 5739
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "malachite green." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service 7 Apr. 2005 .
  • Website address 1 Comment: www.straw.com/sig/dyehist
  • The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996
  • Colour Index International online at www.colour-index.org