Difference between revisions of "Mesquite"

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Any of the small deciduous mesquite trees (such as ''Prosopis glandulosa'') native to semiarid regions of the southwestern United States and Mexico. Mesquite tree are fast growing and their wood has been used for furniture, implements, and firewood. Mesquite gum, the resinous exudation of these trees, has been used as a thermoplastic adhesive and sealant in native clay pots. [[Tannin|Tannins]] in the mesquite wood were also extracted for processing [[leather|leather]].
 
Any of the small deciduous mesquite trees (such as ''Prosopis glandulosa'') native to semiarid regions of the southwestern United States and Mexico. Mesquite tree are fast growing and their wood has been used for furniture, implements, and firewood. Mesquite gum, the resinous exudation of these trees, has been used as a thermoplastic adhesive and sealant in native clay pots. [[Tannin|Tannins]] in the mesquite wood were also extracted for processing [[leather|leather]].
 
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[[File:pglandulosaform.jpg|thumb|Honey mesquite ''Prosopis glandulosa'']]
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
 
mesquite gum; algaroba; algarroba; honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa); Prosopis julifora; velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina); Mesquiten (Deut.);
 
mesquite gum; algaroba; algarroba; honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa); Prosopis julifora; velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina); Mesquiten (Deut.);
 
[[File:pglandulosaform.jpg|thumb|Honey mesquite
 
 
''Prosopis glandulosa'']]
 
  
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|Prosopis juliflora, Kew Catalog 59161.TIF~FTIR(MFA)]]]
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|Prosopis juliflora, Kew Catalog 59161.TIF~FTIR(MFA)]]]
== Other Properties ==
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== Physical and Chemical Properties ==
  
 
Short trees growing to 6-9 m.  Bark = red-brown with vertical shreds  Leaves = alternate bipinnate with two major leaflets.  Flower=small yellow spkie sin clusers of 2 to 6 in late spring  Fruit = edible light brown pods ripening in late summer
 
Short trees growing to 6-9 m.  Bark = red-brown with vertical shreds  Leaves = alternate bipinnate with two major leaflets.  Flower=small yellow spkie sin clusers of 2 to 6 in late spring  Fruit = edible light brown pods ripening in late summer
  
== Additional Information ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
 
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* R.S.Felger, M.B.Moser "People of the Desert and Sea: Ethnobotany of the Seri Indians", the University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1985.
R.S.Felger, M.B.Moser "People of the Desert and Sea: Ethnobotany of the Seri Indians", the University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1985.
 
 
 
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
 
  
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 463
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 463
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* John S. Mills, Raymond White, ''The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects'', Butterworth Heineman, London, 2nd ed., 1994
 
* John S. Mills, Raymond White, ''The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects'', Butterworth Heineman, London, 2nd ed., 1994
  
* Website address 1  Comment: Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm (accessed Oct. 8, 2005)
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* Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm (accessed Oct. 8, 2005)
  
* Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com  Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesquite (Accessed Oct. 8, 2005)
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* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesquite (Accessed Oct. 8, 2005)
  
 
* ''Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia'', Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
 
* ''Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia'', Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976

Latest revision as of 10:06, 4 August 2020

Mesquite shrub

Description

Any of the small deciduous mesquite trees (such as Prosopis glandulosa) native to semiarid regions of the southwestern United States and Mexico. Mesquite tree are fast growing and their wood has been used for furniture, implements, and firewood. Mesquite gum, the resinous exudation of these trees, has been used as a thermoplastic adhesive and sealant in native clay pots. Tannins in the mesquite wood were also extracted for processing Leather.

Honey mesquite Prosopis glandulosa

Synonyms and Related Terms

mesquite gum; algaroba; algarroba; honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa); Prosopis julifora; velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina); Mesquiten (Deut.);

FTIR(MFA)

Prosopis juliflora, Kew Catalog 59161.TIF

Physical and Chemical Properties

Short trees growing to 6-9 m. Bark = red-brown with vertical shreds Leaves = alternate bipinnate with two major leaflets. Flower=small yellow spkie sin clusers of 2 to 6 in late spring Fruit = edible light brown pods ripening in late summer

Resources and Citations

  • R.S.Felger, M.B.Moser "People of the Desert and Sea: Ethnobotany of the Seri Indians", the University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1985.
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 463
  • John S. Mills, Raymond White, The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects, Butterworth Heineman, London, 2nd ed., 1994
  • Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm (accessed Oct. 8, 2005)
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976