Difference between revisions of "Mineral wax"

From CAMEO
Jump to: navigation, search
(talk)
 
(talk)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A series of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. Mineral waxes are relatively pure materials which have little to none of the alcohols or esters found in [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=vegetable wax plant waxes] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=beeswax beeswax]. Mineral waxes are generally obtained from the fractional distillation of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=petroleum petroleum], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=shale shale oil], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=lignite lignite], or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=coal coal]. Examples of purified mineral waxes are: [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=paraffin wax paraffin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ceresin wax ceresin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=microcrystalline wax microcrystalline], and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=petrolatum petrolatum]. These white, translucent materials are stable and unreactive.
+
A series of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. Mineral waxes are relatively pure materials which have little to none of the alcohols or esters found in [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=vegetable%20wax plant waxes] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=beeswax beeswax]. Mineral waxes are generally obtained from the fractional distillation of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=petroleum petroleum], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=shale shale oil], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=lignite lignite], or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=coal coal]. Examples of purified mineral waxes are: [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=paraffin%20wax paraffin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ceresin%20wax ceresin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=microcrystalline%20wax microcrystalline], and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=petrolatum petrolatum]. These white, translucent materials are stable and unreactive.
  
 
[[File:mineral_wax_det.jpg|thumb|Mineral wax]]
 
[[File:mineral_wax_det.jpg|thumb|Mineral wax]]
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
cera mineral (Esp.); cire minrale (Fr.); ozocrite (Fr.); olio minerale (It);  
+
cera mineral (Esp.); cire minérale (Fr.); ozocérite (Fr.); olio minerale (It);  
  
 
Examples include: petroleum wax; paraffin; ozokerite; ceresin; ceresine; microcrystalline wax; Micro-Crystalline Wax; earth wax; Montan wax; Flexo Wax; Carbo Wax; Opalwax; Bareco; BeSquare; Petrolite; Cosmolloid; Multiwax; Renaissance Wax
 
Examples include: petroleum wax; paraffin; ozokerite; ceresin; ceresine; microcrystalline wax; Micro-Crystalline Wax; earth wax; Montan wax; Flexo Wax; Carbo Wax; Opalwax; Bareco; BeSquare; Petrolite; Cosmolloid; Multiwax; Renaissance Wax
Line 23: Line 23:
 
== Authority ==
 
== Authority ==
  
* R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, ''Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia'', Dover Publications, New York, 1966
+
* R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, ''Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia'', Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  
* G.S.Brady, G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 567, 862
+
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 567, 862
  
* Richard S. Lewis, Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
+
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  
* Marie Svoboda, Marie Svoboda, Conservation Survey Index, unpublished, 1997
+
* Marie Svoboda, Conservation Survey Index, unpublished, 1997
  
 
* Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
 
* Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000

Revision as of 06:47, 24 July 2013

Mineral wax

Description

A series of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. Mineral waxes are relatively pure materials which have little to none of the alcohols or esters found in plant waxes and beeswax. Mineral waxes are generally obtained from the fractional distillation of petroleum, shale oil, lignite, or coal. Examples of purified mineral waxes are: paraffin, ceresin, microcrystalline, and petrolatum. These white, translucent materials are stable and unreactive.

Mineral wax

Synonyms and Related Terms

cera mineral (Esp.); cire minérale (Fr.); ozocérite (Fr.); olio minerale (It);

Examples include: petroleum wax; paraffin; ozokerite; ceresin; ceresine; microcrystalline wax; Micro-Crystalline Wax; earth wax; Montan wax; Flexo Wax; Carbo Wax; Opalwax; Bareco; BeSquare; Petrolite; Cosmolloid; Multiwax; Renaissance Wax

Other Properties

Soluble in mineral oil, chloroform, benzene and ether.

Comparisons

Properties of Natural Waxes


Authority

  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 567, 862
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Marie Svoboda, Conservation Survey Index, unpublished, 1997

Retrieved from "http://cameo.mfa.org/index.php?title=Mineral_wax&oldid=30291"