Difference between revisions of "Mineral wax"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A series of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. Mineral waxes are relatively pure materials which have little to none of the alcohols or esters found in [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=vegetable%20wax plant waxes] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=beeswax beeswax]. Mineral waxes are generally obtained from the fractional distillation of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=petroleum petroleum], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=shale shale oil], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=lignite lignite], or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=coal coal]. Examples of purified mineral waxes are: [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=paraffin%20wax paraffin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ceresin%20wax ceresin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=microcrystalline%20wax microcrystalline], and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=petrolatum petrolatum]. These white, translucent materials are stable and unreactive.
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A series of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. Mineral waxes are relatively pure materials which have little to none of the alcohols or esters found in [[vegetable%20wax|plant waxes]] and [[beeswax]]. Mineral waxes are generally obtained from the fractional distillation of [[petroleum]], [[shale|shale oil]], [[lignite]], or [[coal]]. Examples of purified mineral waxes are: [[paraffin%20wax|paraffin]], [[ceresin%20wax|ceresin]], [[microcrystalline%20wax|microcrystalline]], and [[petrolatum]]. These white, translucent materials are stable and unreactive.
  
 
[[File:mineral_wax_det.jpg|thumb|Mineral wax]]
 
[[File:mineral_wax_det.jpg|thumb|Mineral wax]]
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== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  

Revision as of 09:09, 3 November 2015

Mineral wax

Description

A series of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. Mineral waxes are relatively pure materials which have little to none of the alcohols or esters found in plant waxes and beeswax. Mineral waxes are generally obtained from the fractional distillation of petroleum, shale oil, lignite, or coal. Examples of purified mineral waxes are: paraffin, ceresin, microcrystalline, and petrolatum. These white, translucent materials are stable and unreactive.

Mineral wax

Synonyms and Related Terms

cera mineral (Esp.); cire minérale (Fr.); ozocérite (Fr.); olio minerale (It);

Examples include: petroleum wax; paraffin; ozokerite; ceresin; ceresine; microcrystalline wax; Micro-Crystalline Wax; earth wax; Montan wax; Flexo Wax; Carbo Wax; Opalwax; Bareco; BeSquare; Petrolite; Cosmolloid; Multiwax; Renaissance Wax

Other Properties

Soluble in mineral oil, chloroform, benzene and ether.

Comparisons

Properties of Natural Waxes


Authority (list of sources check for information on this record)

  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 567, 862
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Marie Svoboda, Conservation Survey Index, unpublished, 1997

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