Difference between revisions of "Mohair"

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Mohair is a silky white wool fiber that from the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angora_goat Angora goat], a breed of domestic goat, ''Capra aegagrus hircus''. The angora goat is native to Turkey and Mohair was produced solely in Turkey for thousands of years, only becoming important in European textile manufacture during the 19th century. Angora goats are generally sheared twice a year. Their hair is mainly composed of long (5 - 12 inch) fibers that have flat, barely visible, overlapping scales. This makes the fibers very smooth and shiny. Mohair is strong, resilient, durable, and has good affinity for dyestuffs. The wool also contains 18% short fibers called kemp. These fibers are coarser and do not dye well. Mohair is susceptible to moths, but otherwise very durable. It is used for suits, clothing, draperies, upholstery, carpets, paint brushes, and paint roller covers.
 
Mohair is a silky white wool fiber that from the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angora_goat Angora goat], a breed of domestic goat, ''Capra aegagrus hircus''. The angora goat is native to Turkey and Mohair was produced solely in Turkey for thousands of years, only becoming important in European textile manufacture during the 19th century. Angora goats are generally sheared twice a year. Their hair is mainly composed of long (5 - 12 inch) fibers that have flat, barely visible, overlapping scales. This makes the fibers very smooth and shiny. Mohair is strong, resilient, durable, and has good affinity for dyestuffs. The wool also contains 18% short fibers called kemp. These fibers are coarser and do not dye well. Mohair is susceptible to moths, but otherwise very durable. It is used for suits, clothing, draperies, upholstery, carpets, paint brushes, and paint roller covers.
  
[[File:AngoraGoatColors.jpg|thumb|Angora goats
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[[File:AngoraGoatColors.jpg|thumb|Angora goat coat colors ''Capra aegagrus hircus'']]
  
''Capra aegagrus hircus'']]
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[[File:Angora-goat.jpg|thumb|Angora Goat]]
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==

Revision as of 15:30, 26 October 2019

2004.156-SC108837.jpg

Description

Ay-silkmohair600.jpg

Mohair is a silky white wool fiber that from the Angora goat, a breed of domestic goat, Capra aegagrus hircus. The angora goat is native to Turkey and Mohair was produced solely in Turkey for thousands of years, only becoming important in European textile manufacture during the 19th century. Angora goats are generally sheared twice a year. Their hair is mainly composed of long (5 - 12 inch) fibers that have flat, barely visible, overlapping scales. This makes the fibers very smooth and shiny. Mohair is strong, resilient, durable, and has good affinity for dyestuffs. The wool also contains 18% short fibers called kemp. These fibers are coarser and do not dye well. Mohair is susceptible to moths, but otherwise very durable. It is used for suits, clothing, draperies, upholstery, carpets, paint brushes, and paint roller covers.

Angora goat coat colors Capra aegagrus hircus
Angora Goat

Synonyms and Related Terms

angora; mukhayyar (Arabic); mockaire; Angoraziege (Deut.); chèvre angora (Fr.); angorageit (Ned.); mohair (Esp.) The goat itself was formerly regarded as a separate species: Capra angorensis

Other Properties

The center medulla is invisible in 99% of the fibers. Cross section is circular.

Cortex is striated throughout its length, often contains air-filled pockets

Fiber length = 5 - 8 inch.

Fiber diameter = 25 to 45 micrometers.

Scales occur about 5-6 per 100 micrometers of fiber

Elongation = 30% Moisture regain = 13%

Density 1.32
Mohair

Additional Information

  • G.Cook, Handbook of Textile Fibres:I. Natural Fibres, 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984.
  • B.McGregor, Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres; Part 4: Physical, chemical, and tensile properties of cashmere, mohair, alpaca, and other rare animal fibers, 2nd edition, Woodhead Publishing, 2018.

Comparisons

Properties of Natural Fibers


Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 515
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • J.Gordon Cook, Handbook of Textile Fibres:I Natural Fibres, Merrow Publishing Co. , Durham, England, 1984
  • Edward Reich, Carlton J. Siegler, Consumer Goods: How to Know and Use Them, American Book Company, New York City, 1937
  • The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: 'Mohair'
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "mohair" Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. [Accessed 26 Oct. 2019].
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997

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