Difference between revisions of "Moonstone"

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[[File:1986.265-SC164691.jpg|thumb|'''MFA Acc. #:''' 1986.265]]
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[[File:1986.265-SC164691.jpg|thumb|Brooch<br>MFA Acc. #: 1986.265]]
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
An opalescent [[orthoclase|orthoclase]] feldspar group mineral (sodium potassiuim aluminum silicate) that is used as a gemstone. Moonstones are semitransparent or translucent stones that are usually a milky white with a pale blue luster. Occasionally other colors, such as white, gray, orange, pink, yellow or pale green are found. Their name is derived from a visual effect caused by light diffraction within a micro-structure of regular feldspar layers (lamellae). Moonstones have a hardness of 6 to 6.5 but they are fragile because they cleave readily along the lamination axis. Usually cut as a cabochon, moonstones were used in Roman jewelry from about 100 CE and were popular in 20th century Art Nouveau jewely. Moonstones are mined in Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka (Dumbara District), and India. They are found in potassium ([[orthoclase]]) feldspars, while [[plagioclase|plagioclase]] feldspars produce [[sunstone|sunstones]]. Iridescent sunstones, such as from peristerite and [[labradorite|labradorite]], are sometimes called moonstones.
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An opalescent [[orthoclase|orthoclase]] feldspar group mineral (sodium potassiuim aluminum silicate) that is used as a gemstone. Moonstones are semitransparent or translucent stones that are usually a milky white with a pale blue luster. Occasionally other colors, such as white, gray, orange, pink, yellow or pale green are found. Their pearly or opalescent sheen is a visual effect caused by light diffraction within a micro-structure of regular feldspar layers (lamellae). Moonstones have a hardness of 6 to 6.5 but they are fragile because they cleave readily along the lamination axis. Usually cut as a cabochon, moonstones were used in Roman jewelry from about 100 CE and were popular in 20th century Art Nouveau jewely. Moonstones are mined in Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka (Dumbara District), and India. They are found in potassium ([[orthoclase]]) feldspars, while [[plagioclase|plagioclase]] feldspars produce [[sunstone|sunstones]]. Iridescent sunstones, such as from peristerite and [[labradorite|labradorite]], are also sometimes called moonstones.
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[[File:Moonstone cabochon.jpg|thumb|'Moonstone cabochon from Minas Gerais, Brazil]]
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
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precious moonstone; peristerite; labradorite; pierre de lune (Fr.); Mondstein (Deut.); maansteen (Ned.)
 
precious moonstone; peristerite; labradorite; pierre de lune (Fr.); Mondstein (Deut.); maansteen (Ned.)
  
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==Physical and Chemical Properties==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
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! scope="row"| Refractive Index
 
! scope="row"| Refractive Index
 
| 1.518-1.526
 
| 1.518-1.526
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|-
 +
! scope="row"| Streak
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| white
 
|}
 
|}
  
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[[media:download_file_421.pdf|Properties of Common Gemstones]]
 
[[media:download_file_421.pdf|Properties of Common Gemstones]]
  
 
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== Resources and Citations ==
 
 
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
 
  
 
* Jack Odgen, ''Jewellery of the Ancient World'', Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
 
* Jack Odgen, ''Jewellery of the Ancient World'', Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
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* R.F.Symmes, T.T.Harding, Paul Taylor, ''Rocks, Fossils and Gems'', DK Publishing, Inc., New York City, 1997
 
* R.F.Symmes, T.T.Harding, Paul Taylor, ''Rocks, Fossils and Gems'', DK Publishing, Inc., New York City, 1997
  
* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "moonstone" Encyclopædia Britannica [Accessed March 4, 2002]
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* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "moonstone" [Accessed March 4, 2002]
  
* Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com  Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthoclase [Accessed August 30, 2005]
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* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthoclase [Accessed August 30, 2005]
  
 
* Yasukazu Suwa, ''Gemstones: Quality and Value, Volume 1'', Sekai Bunka Publishing Inc., Tokyo, 1999  Comment: RI=1.518-1.526; Specific gravity=2.58
 
* Yasukazu Suwa, ''Gemstones: Quality and Value, Volume 1'', Sekai Bunka Publishing Inc., Tokyo, 1999  Comment: RI=1.518-1.526; Specific gravity=2.58

Latest revision as of 12:08, 22 August 2020

Brooch
MFA Acc. #: 1986.265

Description

An opalescent Orthoclase feldspar group mineral (sodium potassiuim aluminum silicate) that is used as a gemstone. Moonstones are semitransparent or translucent stones that are usually a milky white with a pale blue luster. Occasionally other colors, such as white, gray, orange, pink, yellow or pale green are found. Their pearly or opalescent sheen is a visual effect caused by light diffraction within a micro-structure of regular feldspar layers (lamellae). Moonstones have a hardness of 6 to 6.5 but they are fragile because they cleave readily along the lamination axis. Usually cut as a cabochon, moonstones were used in Roman jewelry from about 100 CE and were popular in 20th century Art Nouveau jewely. Moonstones are mined in Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka (Dumbara District), and India. They are found in potassium (Orthoclase) feldspars, while Plagioclase feldspars produce sunstones. Iridescent sunstones, such as from peristerite and Labradorite, are also sometimes called moonstones.

'Moonstone cabochon from Minas Gerais, Brazil

Synonyms and Related Terms

precious moonstone; peristerite; labradorite; pierre de lune (Fr.); Mondstein (Deut.); maansteen (Ned.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

Formula (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Mohs Hardness 6.0 - 6.5
Density 2.56-2.76
Refractive Index 1.518-1.526
Streak white

Raman

Orthoclaseitaly1.jpg

XRF

Moonstone XRF.jpg


Comparisons

Properties of Common Gemstones

Resources and Citations

  • Jack Odgen, Jewellery of the Ancient World, Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
  • R.F.Symmes, T.T.Harding, Paul Taylor, Rocks, Fossils and Gems, DK Publishing, Inc., New York City, 1997
  • Yasukazu Suwa, Gemstones: Quality and Value, Volume 1, Sekai Bunka Publishing Inc., Tokyo, 1999 Comment: RI=1.518-1.526; Specific gravity=2.58
  • Michael O'Donoghue and Louise Joyner, Identification of Gemstones, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 2003
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 316
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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