Difference between revisions of "Oil pastel"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A soft pigmented, wax/oil-based drawing stick. Oil pastels contain a [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=pigment pigment] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=dye dye] dispersed in a [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=wax wax] ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=paraffin%20wax paraffin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=microcrystalline%20wax microcrystalline wax]) base that is softened with a [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=nondrying%20oil nondrying oil] such as [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=coconut%20oil coconut oil] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=mineral%20oil mineral oil]. They may also contain [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=tallow tallow], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=stearic%20acid stearic acid], and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=glycerol glycerol] as well as fillers such as [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=calcium%20carbonate calcium carbonate]. Oil pastels produce a soft, nondrying film that can be blended easily. They were first introduced as children's crayons in Japan in 1925.
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A soft pigmented, wax/oil-based drawing stick. Oil pastels contain a [[pigment]] or [[dye]] dispersed in a [[wax]] (such as [[paraffin wax|paraffin]] or [[microcrystalline wax|microcrystalline]]) base that is softened with a [[nondrying oil]] such as [[coconut oil]] or [[mineral oil]]. They may also contain [[tallow]], [[stearic acid]], and [[glycerol]] as well as fillers such as [[calcium carbonate]]. Oil pastels produce a soft, nondrying film that can be blended easily. They were first introduced as children's crayons in Japan in 1925.
  
 
[[File:Cray_pas_oil_pastel.jpg|thumb|Cray-Pas Expressionist oil pastels]]
 
[[File:Cray_pas_oil_pastel.jpg|thumb|Cray-Pas Expressionist oil pastels]]
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== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  

Latest revision as of 14:53, 31 July 2014

1986.195-SC25760.jpg

Description

A soft pigmented, wax/oil-based drawing stick. Oil pastels contain a pigment or dye dispersed in a wax (such as paraffin or microcrystalline) base that is softened with a nondrying oil such as coconut oil or mineral oil. They may also contain tallow, stearic acid, and glycerol as well as fillers such as calcium carbonate. Oil pastels produce a soft, nondrying film that can be blended easily. They were first introduced as children's crayons in Japan in 1925.

Cray-Pas Expressionist oil pastels

Synonyms and Related Terms

pastel crayon; oil crayon; Cray-Pas® [Sakura]; craypas (sp); Sketchos [Prang]

Other Properties

Soluble in most petroleum and chlorinated hydrocarbons.

Hazards and Safety

Halos may form when used on absorbent material. Bloom may form on surface. Some colors are not lightfast.

Additional Information

° M.Holben Ellis, M.Brigitte Yeh, "Categories of Wax-based Drawing Media" WAAC Newsletter, Vol 19(3), 1997. ° M.H.Ellis, "Oil Pastel", in Media and Techniques of Works of Art on Paper, New York University Conservation Center of the Institute of Fine Arts, New York, 1999.

Additional Images

Retrieved from "http://cameo.mfa.org/index.php?title=Oil_pastel&oldid=46140"