Difference between revisions of "Paper pulp"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A dispersion of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cellulose cellulose] fibers in water.  Paper manufactured before the 1850s was made primarily from [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=bast%20fiber bast fibers] obtained from [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=linen linen], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=flax flax], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=rag rags], or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=cotton cotton]. In 1854, a process was patented for the production of paper pulp from [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=wood wood].  This led to the mass production of inferior papers.
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A dispersion of [[cellulose]] fibers in water.  Paper manufactured before the 1850s was made primarily from [[cotton]] and [[bast fibers]] obtained from [[linen]], [[flax]], [[rags]]. Due to shortages of these materials, other raw materials for paper pulp were common, but usually not as successful. In 1854, a process was patented for the production of paper pulp from [[wood]].  This led to the mass production of inferior papers before methods were improved.
  
 
== Authority ==
 
== Authority ==

Revision as of 15:48, 15 August 2014

Description

A dispersion of Cellulose fibers in water. Paper manufactured before the 1850s was made primarily from Cotton and Bast fibers obtained from Linen, Flax, Rags. Due to shortages of these materials, other raw materials for paper pulp were common, but usually not as successful. In 1854, a process was patented for the production of paper pulp from Wood. This led to the mass production of inferior papers before methods were improved.

Authority

  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 578

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