Plant pigments

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Natural organic colorants obtained from the stems, roots and flowers of plants. Colored materials from plants have been used since ancient times and dyes and pigments. Some of the major chemical classification for plant pigments are:

- Hydroxyanthraquinone: Alizarin, Purpurin, Cochineal, Kermes, Lac

- Carotenoid: lutein (nettles, Marigold), bixin (Annatto), crocetin (Saffron)

- Flavonoid: anthocyanins, flavonols (Fustic), flavones (Weld)

- tannins: gallotannin (oak galls, Young fustic), ellagitannin (Sumac)

- other: indigotin (Indigo), curcumin (Turmeric), berberine (Barberry), Chlorophyll

Synonyms and Related Terms

vegetable pigments; pigmentos vegetales (Esp.); colorantes vegetales (Esp.); pigments végétaux (Fr.); corantes vegetais (Port.)

Additional Information

° J. and M. Cannon, Dye Plants and Dyeing, The Herbert Press, London, 1994.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • John and Margaret Cannon, Dye Plants and Dyeing, Herbert Press, London, 1994