Difference between revisions of "Polyolefin"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A general name for polymers or copolymers made from olefin hydrocarbons. The most common polyolefins are [[polyethylene|polyethylene]] and [[polypropylene|polypropylene]]. Isobutylene was the first olefin to be polymerized in 1873, but it was not made into a commercial product until I.G.Farbenindustrie of Germany developed it as a rubber substitute in the 1930s. Ethylene was first polymerized by ICI in England in the 1930s and it became an important plastic during W.W.II for fibers. Large scale applications for polyolefins were developed in the 1960s when olefins were recognized as inexpensive raw materials.
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A general name for polymers or copolymers made from olefin hydrocarbons. Common polyolefins are [[polyethylene|polyethylene]] and [[polypropylene|polypropylene]]. Isobutylene was the first olefin to be polymerized in 1873, but it was not made into a commercial product until I.G.Farbenindustrie of Germany developed it as a rubber substitute in the 1930s. Ethylene was first polymerized by ICI in England in the 1930s and it became an important plastic during W.W.II for fibers. Large scale applications for polyolefins were developed in the 1960s,when olefins were recognized as inexpensive raw materials.  Currently, polyeolfins, [[Polyethylene|polyethylenes]], and [[Polypropylene|polypropylenes]], etc, are the most common produced polymers.
  
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|aaiPOLEFIN_FOAM.jpg~FTIR]]]
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|aaiPOLEFIN_FOAM.jpg~FTIR]]]
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Examples include: polyethylene; polypropylene, polyisobutylene;
 
Examples include: polyethylene; polypropylene, polyisobutylene;
  
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
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== Applications ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
  
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: P. 636
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: P. 636

Revision as of 14:32, 4 July 2020

Description

A general name for polymers or copolymers made from olefin hydrocarbons. Common polyolefins are Polyethylene and Polypropylene. Isobutylene was the first olefin to be polymerized in 1873, but it was not made into a commercial product until I.G.Farbenindustrie of Germany developed it as a rubber substitute in the 1930s. Ethylene was first polymerized by ICI in England in the 1930s and it became an important plastic during W.W.II for fibers. Large scale applications for polyolefins were developed in the 1960s,when olefins were recognized as inexpensive raw materials. Currently, polyeolfins, polyethylenes, and polypropylenes, etc, are the most common produced polymers.

FTIR

AaiPOLEFIN FOAM.jpg


Synonyms and Related Terms

polietileno (Esp.); poliolefina (Esp.); polyoléfine (Fr.); poliolefina (It.); poliolefina (Port.)

Examples include: polyethylene; polypropylene, polyisobutylene;

Applications

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: P. 636
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • J.Gordon Cook, Handbook of Textile Fibres:II Man-made Fibres, Merrow Publishing Co. , Durham, England Comment: p. 536
  • Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988

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