Polysulfide

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Description

A synthetic elastomer containing sulfur and carbon links. Polysulfide is made by reacting sodium sulfide with an organic dichloride such as dichlorodiethyl formal. Polysulfide elastomers are resilient and are resistant to chemicals and ultraviolet light. However, they have poor tensile strength and abraded easily. Polysulfide elastomers were used as two part sealants that cure at room temperature in the 1960s. By the 1980s, they were replaces by silicone and urethane sealants.

Synonyms and Related Terms

polysulphide (Br.); Polysulfide (Deut.); polisulfuro (Esp.); polysulfure (Fr.); polisolfuro (It.); polisulfureto (Port.)

Examples: Thiokol® [Thiokol Chemical];

Hazards and Safety

May contain PCBs.

Additional Information

J.Panek, "Polysulfide Sealants and Adhesives" in Handbook of Adhesives, I.Skeist (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1977, p.368-381.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 680
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Irving Skeist, Handbook of Adhesives, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1977
  • Thomas C. Jester (ed.), Twentieth-Century Building Materials, McGraw-Hill Companies, Washington DC, 1995
  • Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988