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X-ray image


Non-destructive examination technique using non-visible radiation such as X-rays (X-radiography), gamma rays (gamma radiography), beta rays (beta radiography), or neutrons (neutron radiography). These high energy radiation or particles will penetrate different composition/density materials to varying degrees. The resulting variations of transmission of these radiations are recorded by a detector, generally a radiographic film, thus characterizing the internal compositional structure of an object.

See also radiograph, electron transmission radiography, gamma radiography. electron emission radiography, neutron radiography

Synonyms and Related Terms

Radiographie (Deut.); Röntgenaufnahmeverfahren (Deut.); radiographie (Fr.); radiografia (It., Port., Esp.); röntgenfoto (Ned.); X-ray radiography


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  • Anonymous Eastman-Kodak, Radiography in modern industry (4th edition), Rochester, (1980), &

  • Anonymous – General Electric Inspection Technologies, Industrial radiography – Image forming techniques,

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  • D. Graham, T. Eddie, X-ray techniques in art galleries and museums, A. Hilger, Bristol (1985)
  • External source or communication Comment: Jean-Louis Boutaine, 20/06/2007
  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, Comment: "radiography" Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. [Accessed 18 Oct. 2005].
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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