Radiography

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X-ray image

Description

Non-destructive examination technique using non-visible radiation such as X-rays (X-radiography), gamma rays (gamma radiography), beta particles (beta radiography), or neutrons (neutron radiography). These high energy radiation or particles will penetrate different composition/density materials to varying degrees. The resulting variations of transmission of these radiations are recorded by a detector, generally a radiographic film, thus characterizing the internal compositional structure of an object.

See also radiograph, electron transmission radiography, electron emission radiography, digital radiography, radioscopy

Synonyms and Related Terms

Radiographie (Deut.); Röntgenaufnahmeverfahren (Deut.); radiographie (Fr.); radiografia (It., Port., Esp.); röntgenfoto (Ned.); X-ray radiography

Authority

  • P.A. Ruault, Radiologie industrielle, 2 vol., Paris, Institute de Soudure (1991)
  • R. Halmshaw, Industrial radiology: theory and practice (2nd edition), Chapman & Hall, London (1995)
  • R.H.Bossi, F. Iddings, G.C. Wheeler, P.O. Moore, Nondestructive testing handbook, vol 4, Radiographic testing, 3rd edition, Columbus OH, ASNT, (2002)
  • Anonymous Eastman-Kodak, Radiography in modern industry (4th edition), Rochester, (1980),

http://www.kodak.com/eknec/documents/87/0900688a802b3c87/Radiography-in-Modern-Industry.pdf & http://carestream.com/ndt-resources.html

  • Anonymous – General Electric Inspection Technologies, Industrial radiography – Image forming techniques,

http://www.ge-mcs.com/download/x-ray/GEIT-30158EN_industrial-radiography-image-forming-techniques.pdf

  • M. Hours, La radiographie des oeuvres d'art, in Idées et Découvertes, Encyclopaedia Universalis, Paris, 240-243 (1978)
  • M. Hours, Les secrets des chefs d'oeuvre, R. Laffont, Paris (1964)
  • A. Middleton, J. Lang, Radiography of cultural material, 2nd edition, London, Butterworth – Heinemann (2005)
  • A. Gilardoni, L. Ascani Orsini, R. Ascani Orsini, M. Taccani Gilardoni & al., X-rays in art - I raggi X nell'arte (2nd edition), Gilardoni, Mandello Lario (1984)
  • D. Graham, T. Eddie, X-ray techniques in art galleries and museums, A. Hilger, Bristol (1985)
  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "radiography" Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. [Accessed 18 Oct. 2005].
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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