A synthetic dye that reacts with the fiber to form a covalent bond. Reactive dyes were first discovered in 1954 by Rattee and Stephens at ICI. They were marketed as Procion dyes in 1956. Fiber reactive dyes have bright colors that are both lightfast and washfast. They are most commonly used on cellulose fibers but also react with the hydroxyl or amino groups found in wool, silk, nylon, acrylic, and acetate fibers.
Synonyms and Related Terms
fiber reactive dyes; fiber-reactive dyes; fibre-reactive dyes (Br.); colorante reactivo (Esp.); corante reactivo (Port.)
Examples include: Procion [ICI]; Cibacron [Ciba-Geigy]; Drimarene
Soluble in water.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993 Comment: produced 1953
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985 Comment: discovered 1954 by Rattee et al (I.C.I.)
- Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
- Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
- Website address 1 Comment: www.straw.com/sig/dyehist;
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reactive_dyes (Accessed Mar. 1, 2006) - invented in 1954 by Rattee and Stephens at ICI Dyestuffs Division