Difference between revisions of "Rubber (synthetic)"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
Any man-made [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=elastomer elastomer].  The development of synthetic rubbers was stimulated when rubber imports ceased in 1941 due to Japanese occupation in southeast Asia.  Within 3 years, US manufacturers had developed over nine types of elastomers.  Most age better than [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=rubber, natural natural rubber] but are still susceptible to degradation by [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ozone ozone] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ultraviolet radiation ultraviolet light].  All rubbers must be chemically vulcanized to form an stable product.  The unsaturated materials are [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=vulcanization vulcanized] with [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sulfur sulfur] while others are vulcanized with [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=hydrogen peroxide peroxide], metallic oxide, or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=diisocyanate diisocyanates].  Examples of synthetic rubbers are: [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=butadiene butadiene], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=styrene styrene]; [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Buna Buna], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=nitrile rubber nitrile rubber], SBR ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=styrene-butadiene rubber styrene-butadiene rubber]), ABS ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=acrylonitrile butadiene styrene resin acrylonitrile butadiene styrene]), EPR ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ethylene propylene rubber ethylene propylene rubber]), EPDM ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ethylene propylene terpolymer ethylene propylene diene]), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=butyl rubber butyl rubber] (isoprene), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=neoprene neoprene] (polychloroprene), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=polysulfide polysulfide], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=silicone silicone] (polysiloxane), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=epichlorohydrin epichlorohydrin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=polyurethane polyurethane].
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Any man-made [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=elastomer elastomer].  The development of synthetic rubbers was stimulated when rubber imports ceased in 1941 due to Japanese occupation in southeast Asia.  Within 3 years, US manufacturers had developed over nine types of elastomers.  Most age better than [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=rubber%2C%20natural natural rubber] but are still susceptible to degradation by [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ozone ozone] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ultraviolet%20radiation ultraviolet light].  All rubbers must be chemically vulcanized to form an stable product.  The unsaturated materials are [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=vulcanization vulcanized] with [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sulfur sulfur] while others are vulcanized with [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=hydrogen%20peroxide peroxide], metallic oxide, or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=diisocyanate diisocyanates].  Examples of synthetic rubbers are: [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=butadiene butadiene], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=styrene styrene]; [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Buna Buna], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=nitrile%20rubber nitrile rubber], SBR ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=styrene-butadiene%20rubber styrene-butadiene rubber]), ABS ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=acrylonitrile%20butadiene%20styrene%20resin acrylonitrile butadiene styrene]), EPR ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ethylene%20propylene%20rubber ethylene propylene rubber]), EPDM ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ethylene%20propylene%20terpolymer ethylene propylene diene]), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=butyl%20rubber butyl rubber] (isoprene), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=neoprene neoprene] (polychloroprene), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=polysulfide polysulfide], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=silicone silicone] (polysiloxane), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=epichlorohydrin epichlorohydrin], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=polyurethane polyurethane].
  
 
[[File:2006.551-SC179216.jpg|thumb|'''MFA Acc. #:''' 2006.551]]
 
[[File:2006.551-SC179216.jpg|thumb|'''MFA Acc. #:''' 2006.551]]
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
synthetic rubber; caucho sinttico (Esp.); caoutchouc synthtique (Fr.); gomma sintetica (It.); borracha sinttica (Port.)  
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synthetic rubber; caucho sintético (Esp.); caoutchouc synthétique (Fr.); gomma sintetica (It.); borracha sintética (Port.)  
  
 
Examples: isoprene; butadiene; styrene; Buna; nitrile; SBR; ABS; EPR; butyl; neoprene; polysulfide;
 
Examples: isoprene; butadiene; styrene; Buna; nitrile; SBR; ABS; EPR; butyl; neoprene; polysulfide;
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== Authority ==
 
== Authority ==
  
* Theodore J. Reinhart, Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', ''Engineered Plastics'', ASM International, 1988
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* Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', ''Engineered Plastics'', ASM International, 1988
  
* M.Kaufman, M.Kaufman, ''The First Century of Plastics'', The Plastics and Rubber Institute, London, 1963
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* M.Kaufman, ''The First Century of Plastics'', The Plastics and Rubber Institute, London, 1963
  
* Pam Hatchfield, Pam Hatchfield, ''Pollutants in the Museum Environment'', Archetype Press, London, 2002
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* Pam Hatchfield, ''Pollutants in the Museum Environment'', Archetype Press, London, 2002
  
  
  
 
[[Category:Materials database]]
 
[[Category:Materials database]]

Revision as of 06:54, 24 July 2013

MFA Acc. #: 52.1315a

Description

Any man-made elastomer. The development of synthetic rubbers was stimulated when rubber imports ceased in 1941 due to Japanese occupation in southeast Asia. Within 3 years, US manufacturers had developed over nine types of elastomers. Most age better than natural rubber but are still susceptible to degradation by ozone and ultraviolet light. All rubbers must be chemically vulcanized to form an stable product. The unsaturated materials are vulcanized with sulfur while others are vulcanized with peroxide, metallic oxide, or diisocyanates. Examples of synthetic rubbers are: butadiene, styrene; Buna, nitrile rubber, SBR (styrene-butadiene rubber), ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene), EPR (ethylene propylene rubber), EPDM (ethylene propylene diene), butyl rubber (isoprene), neoprene (polychloroprene), polysulfide, silicone (polysiloxane), epichlorohydrin, polyurethane.

MFA Acc. #: 2006.551

Synonyms and Related Terms

synthetic rubber; caucho sintético (Esp.); caoutchouc synthétique (Fr.); gomma sintetica (It.); borracha sintética (Port.)

Examples: isoprene; butadiene; styrene; Buna; nitrile; SBR; ABS; EPR; butyl; neoprene; polysulfide;

Authority

  • Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988
  • M.Kaufman, The First Century of Plastics, The Plastics and Rubber Institute, London, 1963
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002

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