Difference between revisions of "Salted paper"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A type of photographic printing out paper. Developed by William Henry Fox Talbot, salted paper was prepared by directly soaking paper in a solution of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sodium%20chloride table salt ]then treating it with [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=silver%20nitrate silver nitrate]. By 1841, salted paper was made with a thin salt-filled gelatin coating that was dried then treated with silver nitrate to form a photosensitive silver halide compound. Gelatin was most commonly used as a binder, but other materials such as [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=albumen albumen], [[arrowroot]], [[agar-agar]], and [[starch]] were also used. The image was produced by exposing the paper to the sun through a negative then fixed with [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=potassium%20bromide potassium bromide] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sodium%20thiosulfate sodium thiosulfate] solutions. By the 1860s, salted paper was replaced in popular use by [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=albumen%20paper albumen paper].
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A type of photographic printing out paper. Developed by William Henry Fox Talbot, salted paper was prepared by directly soaking paper in a solution of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sodium%20chloride table salt ]then treating it with [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=silver%20nitrate silver nitrate]. By 1841, salted paper was made with a thin salt-filled gelatin coating that was dried then treated with silver nitrate to form a photosensitive silver halide compound. Gelatin was most commonly used as a binder, but other materials such as [[albumen]], [[arrowroot starch]], [[agar-agar]], and [[starch]] were also used. The image was produced by exposing the paper to the sun through a negative then fixed with [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=potassium%20bromide potassium bromide] or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sodium%20thiosulfate sodium thiosulfate] solutions. By the 1860s, salted paper was replaced in popular use by [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=albumen%20paper albumen paper].
  
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|salt print sample 16 site2.jpg~SEM]]]
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|salt print sample 16 site2.jpg~SEM]]]

Revision as of 07:55, 1 July 2014

Salt print

Description

A type of photographic printing out paper. Developed by William Henry Fox Talbot, salted paper was prepared by directly soaking paper in a solution of table salt then treating it with silver nitrate. By 1841, salted paper was made with a thin salt-filled gelatin coating that was dried then treated with silver nitrate to form a photosensitive silver halide compound. Gelatin was most commonly used as a binder, but other materials such as albumen, arrowroot starch, agar-agar, and starch were also used. The image was produced by exposing the paper to the sun through a negative then fixed with potassium bromide or sodium thiosulfate solutions. By the 1860s, salted paper was replaced in popular use by albumen paper.

SEM

Salt print sample 16 site2.jpg


Synonyms and Related Terms

salted-paper; plain salted paper; papier salé (Fr.)

Additional Images


Authority

  • Caring for your Collections, Arthur W Schulz (ed.), Harry N. Abrams, Inc. , New York, 1992 Comment: one of the earliest photographic printing process introduced in 1841
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  • Website address 1 Comment: Preservation 101 -glossary of terms at www.nedcc.org/p101cs/terms.htm - Invented by WHFT in 1841...popular until around 1860
  • Luis Nadeau, Encyclopedia of Printing, Photographic, and Photomechanical Processes, Atelier, New Brunswick, 1997
  • Thomas B. Brill, Light Its Interaction with Art and Antiquities, Plenum Press, New York City, 1980

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