A water insoluble red dye from sandalwood, Pterocarpus santalinus, that grows in tropical Asia. Sandalwood dye contains santalin as the primary colorant. It is soluble in alcohol but not in water. The fugitive color has been used for textiles and for tanning Leather. Similar water insoluble dyes are obtained from Barwood, camwood, and narrawood.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Pterocarpus santalinus; Natural Red 22; CI 75540; bois de santal (Fr.); Sandelholz (Deut.); legno sandalo (It.) madera de sandalo (Esp.); sandelhout (Ned.); santeli (Fin.); sândalo (Port.); barwood; camwood; narrawood; ruby wood; sandelwood; sanderswood; Sander's Wood; Saunderswood; Saunder's Wood; red Sanders; red Saunders; santal wood; sandal wood; mock Turkey red; santalin
Physical and Chemical Properties
- Soluble in methanol, ethanol, ether, sulfuric acid.
- Insoluble in water.
J.Hofenk-de Graaf, Natural Dyestuffs: Origin, Chemical Constitution, Identification, Central Research Laboratory for Objects of Art and Science, Amsterdam, September 1969.
- See also [Uemera Dye Archive (Akagi)]
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- R.J. Adrosko, Natural Dyes in the United States, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1968
- S. Grierson, The Colour Cauldron, Oliver McPherson Ltd., 1986
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 657
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 8532
- Website address 1 Comment: "Violin Varnish Glossary" at www.violins.on.ca/luthier.vargloss.html - gives tree name as Pterocarpus santalunis
- F. Crace-Calvert, Dyeing and Calico Printing, Palmer & Howe, London, 1876
- Website address 2 Comment: http://www.coloria.net/varita.htm - Finnish name, NR 22, 75540
- Judith Hofenk-de Graaff, Natural Dyestuffs: Origin, Chemical Constitution, Identification, Central Research Laboratory for Objects of Art and Science, Amsterdam, 1969
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998