A yellow pigment composed of iron chromate. Iron chromate is precipitated from a solution of a chromate salt, such as Potassium dichromate by the addition of Ferric chloride. The pure pigment is bright yellow, but some residual impurities, such as iron oxide, may result in a dull orange pigment color. Siderin yellow is compatible with all paint binders. It has also been used as a brown ceramic glaze and as a colorant in glass and enamel.
Synonyms and Related Terms
iron chromate; ferric chromate; Pigment Yellow 45; CI 77505
Soluble in acids. Insoluble in water, ethanol.
Hazards and Safety
Human carcinogen. Skin contact may cause allergies. Acute ingestion may cause fatal chromium poisoning. Chronic inhalation may cause lung cancer and respiratory irritation
H. Kuhn, M.Curran, "Chrome Yellow and Other Chromate Pigments", Artists Pigments, Volume 1, R. Feller (ed.), Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1986.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983