Difference between revisions of "Sisal"
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File:Sisal 40x.jpg|Sisal paper pulp stained with
File:Sisal 40x.jpg|Sisal paper pulp stained with "C" stain
File:Sisal 10x.jpg|Sisal paper pulp stained with
File:Sisal 10x.jpg|Sisal paper pulp stained with "C" stain
File: Sisal 40x bluntends.jpg|Sisal paper pulp stained with
File: Sisal 40x bluntends.jpg|Sisal paper pulp stained with "C" stain
Revision as of 14:33, 4 September 2015
A strong coarse fiber obtained from the leaves of the agave plant, Agave sisalana, native to Central America. Sisal was used for clothing the the ancient Mexicans and Aztecs. It was exported to Europe in the 16th century and is now cultivated in Central and South America as well as Africa (Kenya and Tanzania). Sisal contains cellulose, lignin (~6%) along with pectins and waxes. It is a strong, stiff fiber with a pale cream color. Sisal is typically dyed bright colors with direct or acid dyes. Sisal is used for brushes, upholstery padding, matting, rugs, handbags, hats, ropes, cordage and sacks. It is also used for papermaking.
Synonyms and Related Terms
sisal (Agave sisalana); tampico (Agave rigiida); Salvador sisal (Agave letonae); zapupe fiber (Agave zapupe); henequen or Yucatan sisal (Agave fourcroydes); Maguey or cantala (Agave cantala); sisal hemp;sisal(Esp.)
Cross section = horseshoe; Fiber length = 60-120 cm (2-4 feet) Strength = 4.5 g/denier.
Ash contains rod-shaped crystals
Paper fiber type: non-woody. Using transmitted light microscopy, fibers appear thick walled with tapering blunt ends. Pulp may also contain primary xylems with very tight spirals, tracheary elements, pale grey cells, stringy elements, and unwound spiral thickenings. Appearance with Graff "C" stain: greyish-blue. Average dimensions of fibers: length 3mm, width 20μm. Common pulping method: soda.
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