Specific gravity

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A unitless measurement of relative density. Specific gravity is calculated as the ratio of the density of the material to the density of a standard. For liquids and solids, the standard is water. Since water has a density of 1.00 g cm-3, the numerical value of the specific gravity and density are equal.

Synonyms and Related Terms

densité (Fr.); Dichte (Deut.); relative density

Additional information

W. M. Haynes, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 94th Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (2013)