Difference between revisions of "Triton X-100"

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(Sources Checked for Data in Record)
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* Meredith Montague, contributed information, 1998
* Meredith Montague, contributed information, 1998
* Teri Hensick, Teri Hensick, contributed information, 1998
* Teri Hensick, contributed information, 1998
[[Category:Materials database]]
[[Category:Materials database]]

Revision as of 13:51, 25 November 2019


[Dow Chemical] A registered trademark for a nonionic surfactant composed of octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol. Triton® X-100 is a transparent, slightly yellow, viscous liquid that is soluble in both aqueous and nonaqueous solvents. It has been used for removing tarnish from silver. Alkylphenol ethoxylate compounds, like Igepal CA and Triton X, are toxic and should be handled with caution. Triton XL-80N is sold as an alternative.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Triton X-100 (sp); Nonoxynol-9; octyl phenoxy polyethoxy ethanol; ethoxylated nonylphenol; octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol nonionic surfactant; alkylphenol-hydroxypolyoxyethlene; alkylaryl polyether alcohol; octyl phenol ethoxylate

Other Properties

Soluble in water, aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers. Insoluble in aliphatic hydrocarbons.

pH (5% aqueous solution) = 6.0 - 8.0.

Composition C14H22O(C2H4O)n
CAS 9002-93-1
Melting Point 6
Density 1.067
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 624 (avg.)
Boiling Point > 200

Hazards and Safety

Contact and ingestion may cause irritation and burns. Inhalation may cause lung damage.

Spermicide and xenoestrogen.

Flash point = 251C (484F)

Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Caring for your Collections, Arthur W Schulz (ed.), Harry N. Abrams, Inc. , New York, 1992
  • Richard C. Wolbers, Nanette T. Sterman, Chris Stavroudis, Notes for Workshop on New Methods in the Cleaning of Paintings, J.Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 1990
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 6858
  • Website address 1 Comment: Molecular Probe - www.probes.com/probes/legal/html
  • Conservation Materials Ltd., Catalog
  • Marie Svoboda, Conservation Survey Index, unpublished, 1997
  • Meredith Montague, contributed information, 1998
  • Teri Hensick, contributed information, 1998

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