Aluminium

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Contents

Description

The IUPAC name for the metal called aluminum in the U.S. This dictionary currently uses the commonly accepted U.S. names for materials. International and standard chemical names will be listed and appropriately designated in the synonym lists.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Al; aluminum (U.S.); aluminium (IUPAC, Br., Dan., Deut., Fr., Ned., Nor., Sven.); alumen (Lat.); alkuaine (Fin.); alumiini (Fin.); alluminio (It.); alumínio (Port.); aluminio (Esp.); glin (Pol.); CI 77000; Arclad; ALCOA; alumel (aluminum-nickel alloy);

Other Properties

Reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid, hot concentrated sulfuric acid and hydroxides.

Aluminum can corrode when wet and in contact with alkaline or metallic materials, such as concrete, plaster, wallboard, iron or copper.

Composition Al (atomic no. 13)
Mohs Hardness 7429-90-5
Molecular Weight atomic wt = 26.97
Refractive Index 2.70
Boiling Point 660

Hazards and Safety

Overexposure can cause irritation of eyes, skin and mucous membranes. Powder and flakes form flammable and explosive mixtures in air.

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