Antimony oxychloride

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Contents

Description

White, crystalline powder originally named after the 16th century Italian physician, Vittorio Algaroth (Schur 1985). Antimony oxychloride is used for flameproofing textiles.

Synonyms and Related Terms

antimony chloride oxide; basic antimony chloride; powder of Algaroth; Mercurius vitae

Other Properties

Soluble in acid, carbon disulfide and alkali. Insoluble in ethanol, ether. Hydrolyzed in water to Sb2O3.

Composition SbOCl
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 173.21

Hazards and Safety

Toxic.

Additional Information

° Susan E. Schur, Conservation Terminology: A review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials, Technology and Conservation, Spring (p.34-39); Summer (p.35-38); Fall (p.25-36), 1985

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Susan E. Schur, Conservation Terminology: A review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials, Technology and Conservation, Spring (p.34-39); Summer (p.35-38); Fall (p.25-36), 1985
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 734

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