A construction or insulating board made from asbestos fibers mixed with portland cement and molded under high pressure. Asbestos boards can withstand temperatures up to about 540C (1000 F). These boards are now generally made with asbestos substitutes such as mineral wool or glass fibers. The heavy, brittle boards are used for fire proof screens, roofing, siding, and flooring as well as for insulation in ranges and stoves.
Synonyms and Related Terms
"fibrociment (Fr.); fibrocimento (Port.); cement asbestos board; asbestos cement; Br>Brand names: Asbestos Air Cell; Transite; "
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 73
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- Thomas C. Jester (ed.), Twentieth-Century Building Materials, McGraw-Hill Companies, Washington DC, 1995
- Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000